Experimental Study of the Effect of Clocking on the Propagation of Inflow Pressure Distortions in a Low Pressure Turbine Stage

Loris Simonassi, Manuel Zenz, Philipp Bruckner, Simon Pramstrahler, Franz Heitmeir, Andreas Marn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review

Abstract

The design of modern aero engines enhances the interaction between components and facilitates the propagation of circumferential distortions of total pressure and temperature. As a consequence, the inlet conditions of a real turbine have significant spatial non-uniformities, which have direct consequences on both its aerodynamic and vibration characteristics.

This work presents the results of an experimental study on the effects of different inlet total pressure distortion-stator clocking positions on the propagation of total pressure inflow disturbances through a low pressure turbine stage, with a particular focus on both the aerodynamic and aeroelastic performance. Measurements at a stable engine relevant operating condition and during transient operation were carried out in a one and a half stage subsonic turbine test facility at the Institute of Thermal Turbomachinery and Machine Dynamics at Graz University of Technology. A localised total pressure distortion was generated upstream of the stage in three different azimuthal positions relative to the stator vanes. The locations were chosen in order to align the distortion directly with a vane leading edge, suction side and pressure side. Additionally, a setup with clean inflow was used as reference. Steady and unsteady aerodynamic measurements were taken downstream of the investigated stage by means of a five-hole-probe (5HP) and a fast response aerodynamic pressure probe (FRAPP) respectively. Strain gauges applied on different blades were used in combination with a telemetry system to acquire the rotor vibration data.

The aerodynamic interactions between the stator and rotor rows and the circumferential perturbation were studied through the identification of the main structures constituting the flow field. This showed that the steady and unsteady alterations created by the distortion in the flow field lead to modifications of the rotor vibration characteristics. Moreover, the importance of the impact that the pressure distortion azimuthal position has on the LPT stage aerodynamics and vibrations was highlighted.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2020: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition GT2020 September 11-25, 2020, virtual
Number of pages14
Volume10A
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-8421-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventASME Turbo Expo 2020 : Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition - Virtual, United States
Duration: 21 Sep 202025 Sep 2020

Conference

ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2020
Abbreviated titleASME Turbo Expo 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual
Period21/09/2025/09/20
OtherGT 2020

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production

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