Experimental investigation of thermochemical regeneration using oxy-fuel exhaust gases

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Abstract

Thermochemical regeneration (TCR) improves the efficiency of natural gas-fired oxy-fuel furnaces as the hot exhaust gases are used to reform the primary fuel into syngas. In order to identify optimal process parameters, methane reforming experiments were performed on a small-scale reformer unit using oxy-fuel exhaust gases and oxygen. (I) Stationary bi-reforming experiments with methane, water and carbon dioxide and a steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.5 as well as tri-reforming test runs with additional oxygen and a steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.4 were conducted in order to investigate the long-term stability of the Ni-catalyst. For both the bi- and tri-reforming of methane, the long-term stability of the catalyst is strongly limited by the formation of significant amounts of carbon on the surface of the catalyst. This study also found that tri-reforming with additional oxygen has a significant influence on the amount of carbon formed: Coke-free tri-reforming is possible with an oxygen-to-methane ratio of 0.25 or higher. (II) Apart from a slight dilution of the syngas, the presence of up to 10 vol.% of nitrogen in the fuel/exhaust gas mixture, as could occur due to a furnace leakage, had no significant impact on the performance. (III) The experiments conducted herein demonstrated that both regenerative bi- and tri-reforming showed stable conversion over 90 reforming and regeneration cycles when oxy-fuel exhaust gases were used as regenerative agents, and the cycles were each 15 min long. Regeneration with oxyfuel exhaust gases was able to remove all carbon deposits, produced during the reforming cycles and ensure a semi-stationary TCR operation.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1115-1124
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Energy
DOIs
StatusPublished - 15 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Reforming reactions
Exhaust gases
regeneration
methane
carbon
oxygen
catalyst
Methane
Carbon
experiment
Oxygen
leakage
natural gas
Catalysts
dilution
carbon dioxide
Furnace fuels
exhaust gas
Steam
nitrogen

Keywords

  • Bi- and tri-reforming of methane
  • Carbon deposition and removal
  • Oxy-fuel furnaces
  • Thermochemical regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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title = "Experimental investigation of thermochemical regeneration using oxy-fuel exhaust gases",
abstract = "Thermochemical regeneration (TCR) improves the efficiency of natural gas-fired oxy-fuel furnaces as the hot exhaust gases are used to reform the primary fuel into syngas. In order to identify optimal process parameters, methane reforming experiments were performed on a small-scale reformer unit using oxy-fuel exhaust gases and oxygen. (I) Stationary bi-reforming experiments with methane, water and carbon dioxide and a steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.5 as well as tri-reforming test runs with additional oxygen and a steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.4 were conducted in order to investigate the long-term stability of the Ni-catalyst. For both the bi- and tri-reforming of methane, the long-term stability of the catalyst is strongly limited by the formation of significant amounts of carbon on the surface of the catalyst. This study also found that tri-reforming with additional oxygen has a significant influence on the amount of carbon formed: Coke-free tri-reforming is possible with an oxygen-to-methane ratio of 0.25 or higher. (II) Apart from a slight dilution of the syngas, the presence of up to 10 vol.{\%} of nitrogen in the fuel/exhaust gas mixture, as could occur due to a furnace leakage, had no significant impact on the performance. (III) The experiments conducted herein demonstrated that both regenerative bi- and tri-reforming showed stable conversion over 90 reforming and regeneration cycles when oxy-fuel exhaust gases were used as regenerative agents, and the cycles were each 15 min long. Regeneration with oxyfuel exhaust gases was able to remove all carbon deposits, produced during the reforming cycles and ensure a semi-stationary TCR operation.",
keywords = "Bi- and tri-reforming of methane, Carbon deposition and removal, Oxy-fuel furnaces, Thermochemical regeneration",
author = "Christian Gaber and Martin Demuth and Ren{\'e} Prieler and Christoph Schluckner and Hartmuth Schroettner and Harald Fitzek and Christoph Hochenauer",
year = "2019",
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AU - Gaber, Christian

AU - Demuth, Martin

AU - Prieler, René

AU - Schluckner, Christoph

AU - Schroettner, Hartmuth

AU - Fitzek, Harald

AU - Hochenauer, Christoph

PY - 2019/2/15

Y1 - 2019/2/15

N2 - Thermochemical regeneration (TCR) improves the efficiency of natural gas-fired oxy-fuel furnaces as the hot exhaust gases are used to reform the primary fuel into syngas. In order to identify optimal process parameters, methane reforming experiments were performed on a small-scale reformer unit using oxy-fuel exhaust gases and oxygen. (I) Stationary bi-reforming experiments with methane, water and carbon dioxide and a steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.5 as well as tri-reforming test runs with additional oxygen and a steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.4 were conducted in order to investigate the long-term stability of the Ni-catalyst. For both the bi- and tri-reforming of methane, the long-term stability of the catalyst is strongly limited by the formation of significant amounts of carbon on the surface of the catalyst. This study also found that tri-reforming with additional oxygen has a significant influence on the amount of carbon formed: Coke-free tri-reforming is possible with an oxygen-to-methane ratio of 0.25 or higher. (II) Apart from a slight dilution of the syngas, the presence of up to 10 vol.% of nitrogen in the fuel/exhaust gas mixture, as could occur due to a furnace leakage, had no significant impact on the performance. (III) The experiments conducted herein demonstrated that both regenerative bi- and tri-reforming showed stable conversion over 90 reforming and regeneration cycles when oxy-fuel exhaust gases were used as regenerative agents, and the cycles were each 15 min long. Regeneration with oxyfuel exhaust gases was able to remove all carbon deposits, produced during the reforming cycles and ensure a semi-stationary TCR operation.

AB - Thermochemical regeneration (TCR) improves the efficiency of natural gas-fired oxy-fuel furnaces as the hot exhaust gases are used to reform the primary fuel into syngas. In order to identify optimal process parameters, methane reforming experiments were performed on a small-scale reformer unit using oxy-fuel exhaust gases and oxygen. (I) Stationary bi-reforming experiments with methane, water and carbon dioxide and a steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.5 as well as tri-reforming test runs with additional oxygen and a steam-to-carbon ratio of 0.4 were conducted in order to investigate the long-term stability of the Ni-catalyst. For both the bi- and tri-reforming of methane, the long-term stability of the catalyst is strongly limited by the formation of significant amounts of carbon on the surface of the catalyst. This study also found that tri-reforming with additional oxygen has a significant influence on the amount of carbon formed: Coke-free tri-reforming is possible with an oxygen-to-methane ratio of 0.25 or higher. (II) Apart from a slight dilution of the syngas, the presence of up to 10 vol.% of nitrogen in the fuel/exhaust gas mixture, as could occur due to a furnace leakage, had no significant impact on the performance. (III) The experiments conducted herein demonstrated that both regenerative bi- and tri-reforming showed stable conversion over 90 reforming and regeneration cycles when oxy-fuel exhaust gases were used as regenerative agents, and the cycles were each 15 min long. Regeneration with oxyfuel exhaust gases was able to remove all carbon deposits, produced during the reforming cycles and ensure a semi-stationary TCR operation.

KW - Bi- and tri-reforming of methane

KW - Carbon deposition and removal

KW - Oxy-fuel furnaces

KW - Thermochemical regeneration

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JF - Applied Energy

SN - 0306-2619

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