Evaluation of GRACE daily gravity solutions for hydrological extremes in selected river basins

Ben Gouweleeuw, Andreas Güntner, Animesh Gain, Christian Gruber, Frank Flechtner, Andreas Kvas, Torsten Mayer-Gürr

Research output: Contribution to conference(Old data) Lecture or PresentationResearch

Abstract

Water storage anomalies from the Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission (2002- present) have been shown to be a unique descriptor of large-scale hydrological extreme events. However, possibly due to its coarse temporal (monthly to weekly) and spatial (> 150.000 km2) resolution, the comprehensive infor- mation from GRACE on total water storage variations has rarely been evaluated for flood or drought monitoring or forecasting so far. In the context of the Horizon 2020 funded European Gravity Service for Improved Emer- gency Management (EGSIEM) project, we evaluate two approaches to solve the spatio-temporal variations of the Earth’s gravity field as daily solutions through comparison to selected historical extreme events in medium-large river basins (Ganges-Brahmaputra, Lower Mekong, Danube, Elbe). These comparisons show that highs and lows of GRACE-derived total water storage are closely related to the occurrence of hydrological extremes and serve as an early indicator of these events. The degree to which the daily GRACE solutions contain high-frequent temporal hydrological information, e.g. individual flood peaks, is related to the size of the extreme event.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2016
EventEGU General Assembly 2016 - Wien, Austria
Duration: 17 Apr 201622 Apr 2016
http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2016/EGU2016-13356-1.pdf

Conference

ConferenceEGU General Assembly 2016
CountryAustria
CityWien
Period17/04/1622/04/16
Internet address

Fingerprint

GRACE
extreme event
river basin
water storage
gravity
satellite mission
project management
gravity field
temporal variation
drought
anomaly
evaluation
basin
comparison

Keywords

  • GRACE
  • hydrology
  • extreme events
  • floods

Fields of Expertise

  • Sustainable Systems

Cite this

Gouweleeuw, B., Güntner, A., Gain, A., Gruber, C., Flechtner, F., Kvas, A., & Mayer-Gürr, T. (2016). Evaluation of GRACE daily gravity solutions for hydrological extremes in selected river basins. EGU General Assembly 2016, Wien, Austria.

Evaluation of GRACE daily gravity solutions for hydrological extremes in selected river basins. / Gouweleeuw, Ben; Güntner, Andreas; Gain, Animesh; Gruber, Christian; Flechtner, Frank; Kvas, Andreas; Mayer-Gürr, Torsten.

2016. EGU General Assembly 2016, Wien, Austria.

Research output: Contribution to conference(Old data) Lecture or PresentationResearch

Gouweleeuw, B, Güntner, A, Gain, A, Gruber, C, Flechtner, F, Kvas, A & Mayer-Gürr, T 2016, 'Evaluation of GRACE daily gravity solutions for hydrological extremes in selected river basins' EGU General Assembly 2016, Wien, Austria, 17/04/16 - 22/04/16, .
Gouweleeuw B, Güntner A, Gain A, Gruber C, Flechtner F, Kvas A et al. Evaluation of GRACE daily gravity solutions for hydrological extremes in selected river basins. 2016. EGU General Assembly 2016, Wien, Austria.
Gouweleeuw, Ben ; Güntner, Andreas ; Gain, Animesh ; Gruber, Christian ; Flechtner, Frank ; Kvas, Andreas ; Mayer-Gürr, Torsten. / Evaluation of GRACE daily gravity solutions for hydrological extremes in selected river basins. EGU General Assembly 2016, Wien, Austria.
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AU - Gain, Animesh

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AU - Flechtner, Frank

AU - Kvas, Andreas

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AB - Water storage anomalies from the Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission (2002- present) have been shown to be a unique descriptor of large-scale hydrological extreme events. However, possibly due to its coarse temporal (monthly to weekly) and spatial (> 150.000 km2) resolution, the comprehensive infor- mation from GRACE on total water storage variations has rarely been evaluated for flood or drought monitoring or forecasting so far. In the context of the Horizon 2020 funded European Gravity Service for Improved Emer- gency Management (EGSIEM) project, we evaluate two approaches to solve the spatio-temporal variations of the Earth’s gravity field as daily solutions through comparison to selected historical extreme events in medium-large river basins (Ganges-Brahmaputra, Lower Mekong, Danube, Elbe). These comparisons show that highs and lows of GRACE-derived total water storage are closely related to the occurrence of hydrological extremes and serve as an early indicator of these events. The degree to which the daily GRACE solutions contain high-frequent temporal hydrological information, e.g. individual flood peaks, is related to the size of the extreme event.

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