Projects per year
The choice of the optimum combination of materials for the absorber layers, electrodes, as well as interfacial layers is highly important to enhance further advances in the field of organic photovoltaics. Usually, these materials are assumed to be stable under the applied processing steps for the fabrication of the solar cells. Herein, organic tandem solar cells are examined with fluorine-containing absorber layers consisting of the fluorinated polymer donor PTB7-Th and the indacenodithiophene-type small molecule acceptor O-IDTBR and MoO3/Al/PFN-Br as recombination layer. Although both subcells comprise the same low bandgap absorber materials, the tandem solar cells reveal high open-circuit voltage values approaching 2 V. However, using a combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy nanoanalysis techniques and secondary ion mass spectrometry with depth profiling, an unexpected phenomenon is disclosed. It is found that significant amounts of fluorine are accumulated in the recombination layer region which originates very likely from alumina–aryl fluoride interactions responsible for a partial defluorination of the conjugated polymer in the absorber layer.
- organic electronics, oxygen–metal–fluorine interaction, photovoltaics, scanning transmission electron microscopy, secondary ion mass spectrometry
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science
- NAWI Graz