Electron-phonon coupling and surface Debye temperature of Bi2Te3(111) from helium atom scattering

Anton Tamtögl, Patrick Kraus, Nadav Avidor, Martin Bremholm, Ellen M. J. Hedegaard, Bo B. Iversen, Marco Bianchi, Philip Hofmann, John Ellis, William Allison, Giorgio Benedek, Wolfgang E. Ernst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We have studied the topological insulator Bi2Te3(111) by means of helium atom scattering. The average electron-phonon coupling λ of Bi2Te3(111) is determined by adapting a recently developed quantum-theoretical derivation of the helium scattering probabilities to the case of degenerate semiconductors. Based on the Debye-Waller attenuation of the elastic diffraction peaks of Bi2Te3(111), measured at surface temperatures between 110 and 355K, we find λ to be in the range of 0.04–0.11. This method allows us to extract a correctly averaged λ and to address the discrepancy between previous studies. The relatively modest value of λ is not surprising even though some individual phonons may provide a larger electron-phonon interaction. Furthermore, the surface Debye temperature of Bi2Te3(111) is determined as ΘD=(81±6)K. The electronic surface corrugation was analyzed based on close-coupling calculations. By using a corrugated Morse potential a peak-to-peak corrugation of 9% of the lattice constant is obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Article number195401
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review / B
Volume95
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2017

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Debye temperature
Helium
helium atoms
specific heat
Scattering
Atoms
Electrons
scattering
Morse potential
Electron-phonon interactions
electrons
Phonons
electron phonon interactions
surface temperature
Lattice constants
phonons
derivation
Diffraction
attenuation
helium

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

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Electron-phonon coupling and surface Debye temperature of Bi2Te3(111) from helium atom scattering. / Tamtögl, Anton; Kraus, Patrick; Avidor, Nadav; Bremholm, Martin; Hedegaard, Ellen M. J.; Iversen, Bo B.; Bianchi, Marco; Hofmann, Philip; Ellis, John; Allison, William; Benedek, Giorgio; Ernst, Wolfgang E.

In: Physical Review / B, Vol. 95, No. 19, 195401, 04.05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Tamtögl, A, Kraus, P, Avidor, N, Bremholm, M, Hedegaard, EMJ, Iversen, BB, Bianchi, M, Hofmann, P, Ellis, J, Allison, W, Benedek, G & Ernst, WE 2017, 'Electron-phonon coupling and surface Debye temperature of Bi2Te3(111) from helium atom scattering' Physical Review / B, vol. 95, no. 19, 195401. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.195401, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.195401
Tamtögl, Anton ; Kraus, Patrick ; Avidor, Nadav ; Bremholm, Martin ; Hedegaard, Ellen M. J. ; Iversen, Bo B. ; Bianchi, Marco ; Hofmann, Philip ; Ellis, John ; Allison, William ; Benedek, Giorgio ; Ernst, Wolfgang E. / Electron-phonon coupling and surface Debye temperature of Bi2Te3(111) from helium atom scattering. In: Physical Review / B. 2017 ; Vol. 95, No. 19.
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abstract = "We have studied the topological insulator Bi2Te3(111) by means of helium atom scattering. The average electron-phonon coupling λ of Bi2Te3(111) is determined by adapting a recently developed quantum-theoretical derivation of the helium scattering probabilities to the case of degenerate semiconductors. Based on the Debye-Waller attenuation of the elastic diffraction peaks of Bi2Te3(111), measured at surface temperatures between 110 and 355K, we find λ to be in the range of 0.04–0.11. This method allows us to extract a correctly averaged λ and to address the discrepancy between previous studies. The relatively modest value of λ is not surprising even though some individual phonons may provide a larger electron-phonon interaction. Furthermore, the surface Debye temperature of Bi2Te3(111) is determined as ΘD=(81±6)K. The electronic surface corrugation was analyzed based on close-coupling calculations. By using a corrugated Morse potential a peak-to-peak corrugation of 9{\%} of the lattice constant is obtained.",
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AU - Tamtögl, Anton

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AU - Bremholm, Martin

AU - Hedegaard, Ellen M. J.

AU - Iversen, Bo B.

AU - Bianchi, Marco

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AU - Ernst, Wolfgang E.

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N2 - We have studied the topological insulator Bi2Te3(111) by means of helium atom scattering. The average electron-phonon coupling λ of Bi2Te3(111) is determined by adapting a recently developed quantum-theoretical derivation of the helium scattering probabilities to the case of degenerate semiconductors. Based on the Debye-Waller attenuation of the elastic diffraction peaks of Bi2Te3(111), measured at surface temperatures between 110 and 355K, we find λ to be in the range of 0.04–0.11. This method allows us to extract a correctly averaged λ and to address the discrepancy between previous studies. The relatively modest value of λ is not surprising even though some individual phonons may provide a larger electron-phonon interaction. Furthermore, the surface Debye temperature of Bi2Te3(111) is determined as ΘD=(81±6)K. The electronic surface corrugation was analyzed based on close-coupling calculations. By using a corrugated Morse potential a peak-to-peak corrugation of 9% of the lattice constant is obtained.

AB - We have studied the topological insulator Bi2Te3(111) by means of helium atom scattering. The average electron-phonon coupling λ of Bi2Te3(111) is determined by adapting a recently developed quantum-theoretical derivation of the helium scattering probabilities to the case of degenerate semiconductors. Based on the Debye-Waller attenuation of the elastic diffraction peaks of Bi2Te3(111), measured at surface temperatures between 110 and 355K, we find λ to be in the range of 0.04–0.11. This method allows us to extract a correctly averaged λ and to address the discrepancy between previous studies. The relatively modest value of λ is not surprising even though some individual phonons may provide a larger electron-phonon interaction. Furthermore, the surface Debye temperature of Bi2Te3(111) is determined as ΘD=(81±6)K. The electronic surface corrugation was analyzed based on close-coupling calculations. By using a corrugated Morse potential a peak-to-peak corrugation of 9% of the lattice constant is obtained.

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