Electro- and physicochemical analysis of catalyst coated membranes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearch

Abstract

Cost-effective production of catalyst coated membranes (CCM) is one of the key challenges for the successful realisation of fuel cell stacks ready for commercialisation. It represents the core component of the membrane electrode assembly, which is the centrepiece of the fuel cell repeating unit. The most plausible ways to achieve reasonable fuel cell unit price per kilowatt installed, are increasing cell performance and reducing material costs of the most cost-intensive part of the system; the cathode. Recently, the content of expensive platinum in the cathode catalyst was reduced, while simultaneously increasing the activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction by using binary PtM - systems (M = Co, Ni, Cu, e.a.) as active particles on the carbon support. Reproduction of these promising results at single cell level has only been partially achieved, owing to the complex interactions between solid electrolyte (ionomer), reactant gases and catalyst. The lack of reproducible means of membrane electrode assembly preparation is adding up to the challenge.
Automated CCM production, allows the detailed and reproducible experimental analysis of interactions between catalyst, ionomer and reactant gases. PtCu3/C and Pt/C with three different carbon-to-metal ratios are used to prepare cathode active layers with varying structure. TEM images of the pure catalyst and SEM/EDX of CCM cross sections are recorded to obtain structural information. Additionally, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), polarisation curves and cyclic voltammetry supply the information needed to study the influence of the catalysts physical- and chemical structure on fuel cell operation and in-situ catalyst activity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment
Subtitle of host publicationBook of Abstracts
EditorsVlasta Bonačić-Koutecký
Place of PublicationSplit
PublisherMediterranean Institute for Life Sciences, Split, Croatia
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2019
Event2019 Research Workshop Interdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment - Split, Croatia
Duration: 9 Oct 201911 Oct 2019

Conference

Conference2019 Research Workshop Interdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment
Abbreviated titleSTIM-REI Research Workshop 2019
CountryCroatia
CitySplit
Period9/10/1911/10/19

Fingerprint

Membranes
Catalysts
Fuel cells
Cathodes
Ionomers
Carbon
Gases
Costs
Electrodes
Solid electrolytes
Platinum
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Cyclic voltammetry
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Catalyst activity
Metals
Polarization
Oxygen
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Fuel Cell
  • Catalyst Coated Membrane
  • Oxygen Reduction Reaction
  • Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
  • Single Cell

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production

Cite this

Grandi, M., Gatalo, M., Mayer, K., Marius, B., Kapun, G., & Hacker, V. (2019). Electro- and physicochemical analysis of catalyst coated membranes. In V. Bonačić-Koutecký (Ed.), Interdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment: Book of Abstracts Split: Mediterranean Institute for Life Sciences, Split, Croatia.

Electro- and physicochemical analysis of catalyst coated membranes. / Grandi, Maximilian; Gatalo, Matija; Mayer, Kurt; Marius, Bernhard; Kapun, Gregor; Hacker, Viktor.

Interdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment: Book of Abstracts. ed. / Vlasta Bonačić-Koutecký. Split : Mediterranean Institute for Life Sciences, Split, Croatia, 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearch

Grandi, M, Gatalo, M, Mayer, K, Marius, B, Kapun, G & Hacker, V 2019, Electro- and physicochemical analysis of catalyst coated membranes. in V Bonačić-Koutecký (ed.), Interdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment: Book of Abstracts. Mediterranean Institute for Life Sciences, Split, Croatia, Split, 2019 Research Workshop Interdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment, Split, Croatia, 9/10/19.
Grandi M, Gatalo M, Mayer K, Marius B, Kapun G, Hacker V. Electro- and physicochemical analysis of catalyst coated membranes. In Bonačić-Koutecký V, editor, Interdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment: Book of Abstracts. Split: Mediterranean Institute for Life Sciences, Split, Croatia. 2019
Grandi, Maximilian ; Gatalo, Matija ; Mayer, Kurt ; Marius, Bernhard ; Kapun, Gregor ; Hacker, Viktor. / Electro- and physicochemical analysis of catalyst coated membranes. Interdisciplinary Endeavour in Technology at Nanoscale, Water and Environment: Book of Abstracts. editor / Vlasta Bonačić-Koutecký. Split : Mediterranean Institute for Life Sciences, Split, Croatia, 2019.
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abstract = "Cost-effective production of catalyst coated membranes (CCM) is one of the key challenges for the successful realisation of fuel cell stacks ready for commercialisation. It represents the core component of the membrane electrode assembly, which is the centrepiece of the fuel cell repeating unit. The most plausible ways to achieve reasonable fuel cell unit price per kilowatt installed, are increasing cell performance and reducing material costs of the most cost-intensive part of the system; the cathode. Recently, the content of expensive platinum in the cathode catalyst was reduced, while simultaneously increasing the activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction by using binary PtM - systems (M = Co, Ni, Cu, e.a.) as active particles on the carbon support. Reproduction of these promising results at single cell level has only been partially achieved, owing to the complex interactions between solid electrolyte (ionomer), reactant gases and catalyst. The lack of reproducible means of membrane electrode assembly preparation is adding up to the challenge. Automated CCM production, allows the detailed and reproducible experimental analysis of interactions between catalyst, ionomer and reactant gases. PtCu3/C and Pt/C with three different carbon-to-metal ratios are used to prepare cathode active layers with varying structure. TEM images of the pure catalyst and SEM/EDX of CCM cross sections are recorded to obtain structural information. Additionally, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), polarisation curves and cyclic voltammetry supply the information needed to study the influence of the catalysts physical- and chemical structure on fuel cell operation and in-situ catalyst activity.",
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N2 - Cost-effective production of catalyst coated membranes (CCM) is one of the key challenges for the successful realisation of fuel cell stacks ready for commercialisation. It represents the core component of the membrane electrode assembly, which is the centrepiece of the fuel cell repeating unit. The most plausible ways to achieve reasonable fuel cell unit price per kilowatt installed, are increasing cell performance and reducing material costs of the most cost-intensive part of the system; the cathode. Recently, the content of expensive platinum in the cathode catalyst was reduced, while simultaneously increasing the activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction by using binary PtM - systems (M = Co, Ni, Cu, e.a.) as active particles on the carbon support. Reproduction of these promising results at single cell level has only been partially achieved, owing to the complex interactions between solid electrolyte (ionomer), reactant gases and catalyst. The lack of reproducible means of membrane electrode assembly preparation is adding up to the challenge. Automated CCM production, allows the detailed and reproducible experimental analysis of interactions between catalyst, ionomer and reactant gases. PtCu3/C and Pt/C with three different carbon-to-metal ratios are used to prepare cathode active layers with varying structure. TEM images of the pure catalyst and SEM/EDX of CCM cross sections are recorded to obtain structural information. Additionally, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), polarisation curves and cyclic voltammetry supply the information needed to study the influence of the catalysts physical- and chemical structure on fuel cell operation and in-situ catalyst activity.

AB - Cost-effective production of catalyst coated membranes (CCM) is one of the key challenges for the successful realisation of fuel cell stacks ready for commercialisation. It represents the core component of the membrane electrode assembly, which is the centrepiece of the fuel cell repeating unit. The most plausible ways to achieve reasonable fuel cell unit price per kilowatt installed, are increasing cell performance and reducing material costs of the most cost-intensive part of the system; the cathode. Recently, the content of expensive platinum in the cathode catalyst was reduced, while simultaneously increasing the activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction by using binary PtM - systems (M = Co, Ni, Cu, e.a.) as active particles on the carbon support. Reproduction of these promising results at single cell level has only been partially achieved, owing to the complex interactions between solid electrolyte (ionomer), reactant gases and catalyst. The lack of reproducible means of membrane electrode assembly preparation is adding up to the challenge. Automated CCM production, allows the detailed and reproducible experimental analysis of interactions between catalyst, ionomer and reactant gases. PtCu3/C and Pt/C with three different carbon-to-metal ratios are used to prepare cathode active layers with varying structure. TEM images of the pure catalyst and SEM/EDX of CCM cross sections are recorded to obtain structural information. Additionally, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), polarisation curves and cyclic voltammetry supply the information needed to study the influence of the catalysts physical- and chemical structure on fuel cell operation and in-situ catalyst activity.

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KW - Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

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