Electricity Economics in India-Lessons learned from Europe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Global energy sectors are in transition due to increasing concern over sustainability and climate change. Generation and use of energy is responsible for almost two-thirds of the world’s Green House Gas (GHG) emissions. However, there are indicators that the global economy and the energy related emissions might be starting to decouple, due to an increased interest in the use of low carbon energy generation technologies (1). Nearly half of all the newly added power generation capacity in 2014 were accounted for by renewable energy technologies. In 2014, the European Union agreed on the 2030 climate and energy policy framework for the EU and set new targets for GHG emissions, renewable energy and energy efficiency for 2030 (2). Presently, the situation in Europe is mainly characterized by the need to increase the share of renewables, the de-carbonization of electricity generation and the stagnation of the electricity demand growth rates.
Developing countries like India are now predominantly concerned with rapidly increasing electricity demand growth rates, an ever increasing demand- supply gap and growing concern about environmental consequences. Furthermore, the population explosion situation in India resulting in a high electricity demand growth rate of 6.9% per year elevates the risk of energy scarcity in the coming future. The energy sector today in India is already unrecognizable from the one that existed two decades ago, before the beginning of the large economic reforms in 1991. With the projected exponential growth in the Indian economy, the change over the next decade is expected to be more dramatic. In this study, the main challenges for the transition of the Indian energy sector are identified, and an attempt has been made to compare the Indian and the European sectors to draw conclusions in aiding the transition process of the Indian energy sector.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication14. Symposium Energieinnovation an der TU Graz
Place of PublicationGraz
Volume2016
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2016
Event14. Symposium Energieinnovation: Energie für unser Europa - Technische Universität Graz, Graz, Austria
Duration: 10 Feb 201612 Feb 2016

Conference

Conference14. Symposium Energieinnovation
Abbreviated titleEnInnov2016
CountryAustria
CityGraz
Period10/02/1612/02/16

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electricity
economics
energy
greenhouse gas
Europe
global economy
economic reform
electricity generation
energy policy
power generation
energy efficiency
environmental policy
explosion
European Union
developing world
sustainability
climate change
demand
carbon

Cite this

Bhat, K. S., & Bachhiesl, U. (2016). Electricity Economics in India-Lessons learned from Europe. In 14. Symposium Energieinnovation an der TU Graz (Vol. 2016). Graz.

Electricity Economics in India-Lessons learned from Europe. / Bhat, Karthik Subramanya; Bachhiesl, Udo.

14. Symposium Energieinnovation an der TU Graz. Vol. 2016 Graz, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Bhat, KS & Bachhiesl, U 2016, Electricity Economics in India-Lessons learned from Europe. in 14. Symposium Energieinnovation an der TU Graz. vol. 2016, Graz, 14. Symposium Energieinnovation, Graz, Austria, 10/02/16.
Bhat KS, Bachhiesl U. Electricity Economics in India-Lessons learned from Europe. In 14. Symposium Energieinnovation an der TU Graz. Vol. 2016. Graz. 2016
Bhat, Karthik Subramanya ; Bachhiesl, Udo. / Electricity Economics in India-Lessons learned from Europe. 14. Symposium Energieinnovation an der TU Graz. Vol. 2016 Graz, 2016.
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AB - Global energy sectors are in transition due to increasing concern over sustainability and climate change. Generation and use of energy is responsible for almost two-thirds of the world’s Green House Gas (GHG) emissions. However, there are indicators that the global economy and the energy related emissions might be starting to decouple, due to an increased interest in the use of low carbon energy generation technologies (1). Nearly half of all the newly added power generation capacity in 2014 were accounted for by renewable energy technologies. In 2014, the European Union agreed on the 2030 climate and energy policy framework for the EU and set new targets for GHG emissions, renewable energy and energy efficiency for 2030 (2). Presently, the situation in Europe is mainly characterized by the need to increase the share of renewables, the de-carbonization of electricity generation and the stagnation of the electricity demand growth rates.Developing countries like India are now predominantly concerned with rapidly increasing electricity demand growth rates, an ever increasing demand- supply gap and growing concern about environmental consequences. Furthermore, the population explosion situation in India resulting in a high electricity demand growth rate of 6.9% per year elevates the risk of energy scarcity in the coming future. The energy sector today in India is already unrecognizable from the one that existed two decades ago, before the beginning of the large economic reforms in 1991. With the projected exponential growth in the Indian economy, the change over the next decade is expected to be more dramatic. In this study, the main challenges for the transition of the Indian energy sector are identified, and an attempt has been made to compare the Indian and the European sectors to draw conclusions in aiding the transition process of the Indian energy sector.

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