Electric field-induced changes of domain structure and properties in La-doped PZT—From ferroelectrics towards relaxors

Mojca Otonicar, Angelika Reichmann, Klaus Reichmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Electromechanical properties and crystal and domain structures of piezoelectric ceramics from the Pb1−xLax(Zr0.65Ti0.35)1−x/4O3 (x/65/35 PLZT) solid solution system were systematically analysed by electrical measurements, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The compositionally-driven phase transition from a rhombohedral ferroelectric into a pseudocubic relaxor state is accompanied by a decrease in domain size and changes in domain morphology. SEM analyses of the ex-situ poled samples showed that only in the ferroelectric compositions domain configuration changed, while in the relaxor compositions no domain changes were detected. In order to evaluate the extrinsic contribution to enhanced piezoelectric properties in relaxors, in-situ environmental scanning electron microscopy analyses with applied external electric field were performed. Extrinsic effects as a result of poling were predominant in the ferroelectrics, whereas the intrinsic effect prevailed in the relaxors. Finally, a model of electric field-induced displacements as a result of decreasing domain size for the ferroelectric-to-relaxor PLZT materials was proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2495-2504
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Cite this

Electric field-induced changes of domain structure and properties in La-doped PZT—From ferroelectrics towards relaxors. / Otonicar, Mojca; Reichmann, Angelika; Reichmann, Klaus.

In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 36, No. 10, 2016, p. 2495-2504.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Reichmann, Klaus

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Y1 - 2016

N2 - Electromechanical properties and crystal and domain structures of piezoelectric ceramics from the Pb1−xLax(Zr0.65Ti0.35)1−x/4O3 (x/65/35 PLZT) solid solution system were systematically analysed by electrical measurements, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The compositionally-driven phase transition from a rhombohedral ferroelectric into a pseudocubic relaxor state is accompanied by a decrease in domain size and changes in domain morphology. SEM analyses of the ex-situ poled samples showed that only in the ferroelectric compositions domain configuration changed, while in the relaxor compositions no domain changes were detected. In order to evaluate the extrinsic contribution to enhanced piezoelectric properties in relaxors, in-situ environmental scanning electron microscopy analyses with applied external electric field were performed. Extrinsic effects as a result of poling were predominant in the ferroelectrics, whereas the intrinsic effect prevailed in the relaxors. Finally, a model of electric field-induced displacements as a result of decreasing domain size for the ferroelectric-to-relaxor PLZT materials was proposed.

AB - Electromechanical properties and crystal and domain structures of piezoelectric ceramics from the Pb1−xLax(Zr0.65Ti0.35)1−x/4O3 (x/65/35 PLZT) solid solution system were systematically analysed by electrical measurements, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The compositionally-driven phase transition from a rhombohedral ferroelectric into a pseudocubic relaxor state is accompanied by a decrease in domain size and changes in domain morphology. SEM analyses of the ex-situ poled samples showed that only in the ferroelectric compositions domain configuration changed, while in the relaxor compositions no domain changes were detected. In order to evaluate the extrinsic contribution to enhanced piezoelectric properties in relaxors, in-situ environmental scanning electron microscopy analyses with applied external electric field were performed. Extrinsic effects as a result of poling were predominant in the ferroelectrics, whereas the intrinsic effect prevailed in the relaxors. Finally, a model of electric field-induced displacements as a result of decreasing domain size for the ferroelectric-to-relaxor PLZT materials was proposed.

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