### Abstract

A new paradigm for point cloud data analysis has emerged recently, where point clouds are no longer treated as mere compact sets but rather as empirical measures. A notion of distance to such measures has been defined and shown to be stable with respect to perturbations of the measure. This distance can easily be computed pointwise in the case of a point cloud, but its sublevel-sets, which carry the geometric information about the measure, remain hard to compute or approximate. This makes it challenging to adapt many powerful techniques based on the Euclidean distance to a point cloud to the more general setting of the distance to a measure on a metric space. We propose an efficient and reliable scheme to approximate the topological structure of the family of sublevel-sets of the distance to a measure. We obtain an algorithm for approximating the persistent homology of the distance to an empirical measure that works in arbitrary metric spaces. Precise quality and complexity guarantees are given with a discussion on the behavior of our approach in practice.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 70-96 |

Number of pages | 27 |

Journal | Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications |

Volume | 58 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Oct 2017 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Distance to a measure
- Persistent homology
- Power distance
- Sparse rips filtration
- Topological data analysis

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computer Science Applications
- Geometry and Topology
- Control and Optimization
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics

### Cite this

*Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications*,

*58*, 70-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comgeo.2016.07.001

**Efficient and robust persistent homology for measures.** / Buchet, Mickaël; Chazal, Frédéric; Oudot, Steve Y.; Sheehy, Donald R.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Research › peer-review

*Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications*, vol. 58, pp. 70-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comgeo.2016.07.001

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficient and robust persistent homology for measures

AU - Buchet, Mickaël

AU - Chazal, Frédéric

AU - Oudot, Steve Y.

AU - Sheehy, Donald R.

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - A new paradigm for point cloud data analysis has emerged recently, where point clouds are no longer treated as mere compact sets but rather as empirical measures. A notion of distance to such measures has been defined and shown to be stable with respect to perturbations of the measure. This distance can easily be computed pointwise in the case of a point cloud, but its sublevel-sets, which carry the geometric information about the measure, remain hard to compute or approximate. This makes it challenging to adapt many powerful techniques based on the Euclidean distance to a point cloud to the more general setting of the distance to a measure on a metric space. We propose an efficient and reliable scheme to approximate the topological structure of the family of sublevel-sets of the distance to a measure. We obtain an algorithm for approximating the persistent homology of the distance to an empirical measure that works in arbitrary metric spaces. Precise quality and complexity guarantees are given with a discussion on the behavior of our approach in practice.

AB - A new paradigm for point cloud data analysis has emerged recently, where point clouds are no longer treated as mere compact sets but rather as empirical measures. A notion of distance to such measures has been defined and shown to be stable with respect to perturbations of the measure. This distance can easily be computed pointwise in the case of a point cloud, but its sublevel-sets, which carry the geometric information about the measure, remain hard to compute or approximate. This makes it challenging to adapt many powerful techniques based on the Euclidean distance to a point cloud to the more general setting of the distance to a measure on a metric space. We propose an efficient and reliable scheme to approximate the topological structure of the family of sublevel-sets of the distance to a measure. We obtain an algorithm for approximating the persistent homology of the distance to an empirical measure that works in arbitrary metric spaces. Precise quality and complexity guarantees are given with a discussion on the behavior of our approach in practice.

KW - Distance to a measure

KW - Persistent homology

KW - Power distance

KW - Sparse rips filtration

KW - Topological data analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84978280254&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.comgeo.2016.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.comgeo.2016.07.001

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 70

EP - 96

JO - Computational geometry

JF - Computational geometry

SN - 0925-7721

ER -