ASME Grade 91 is one of the main materials for heavy-wall pipes in thermal power plants. Matching flux cored wires for welding P91 have already been available for several years and become more and more popular as flux cored arc welding (FCAW) offers several technical and economic advantages. To achieve high toughness of the weld metal at ambient temperature, temperature and/or time of post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) can be increased. As the temperature has to be kept below the transformation temperature Ac1, the range of suitable temperature is very small. In this contribution, the effect of increased tempering time on the mechanical properties at ambient temperature and elevated temperatures is investigated and the influence on long-term properties is discussed. Longer PWHT increases toughness of all-weld metal. MatCalc simulations and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigations indicate a coarsening effect of precipitates without detrimental effect on long-term creep properties.
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science
- Mobility & Production
Baumgartner, S., Holy, A., Schuler, M., Schnitzer, R., & Enzinger, N. (2017). Effect of tempering time on the mechanical properties of P91 flux cored wire weld metal. Welding in the World, 61(1), 11-19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40194-016-0397-6