Editorial Introduction to the Special Issue on Electrostatic Discharge and Immunity - From IC to System

Ming Dou Ker, David Pommerenke

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial


The papers in this special issue focus on scientific contributions in the field of electrostatic discharge (ESD) and immunity—from integrated circuits (ICs) to system. ESD can damage or disrupt electronic systems. With continued scaling of ICs, a combined approach of IC and system forms the best path for understanding and ensuring robustness. This relates to the IC itself: input/output (I/O) structures, power distribution network (PDN), interfaces between IP blocks, as well as the interaction of external protection devices with internal ESD protection structures during system level stress. To effectively protect the ICs fabricated in the advanced nanoscale CMOS processes, the turn-on speed of ESD protection devices must be enhanced to quickly discharge ESD current before the internal circuits are damaged by ESD stresses. Not only component level ESD events, the system level ESD test specified in the IEC 61000-4-2 standard has been used to verify ESD immunity of the microelectronics products. During system level ESD testing, the ESD problems relates to soft failures. So far, only few models for soft failures have been reported. It becomes visible that well designed hard failure protection can also reduce the likelihood of soft failures as most of the current is diverted from the IC and will not disturb the PDN of the IC. ESD robustness in the system level and component level are both important to meet the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) regulations and/or standards in the industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1783-1784
Number of pages2
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • ESD discharge mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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