Economic purification of recombinant uricase by artificial oil bodies

Fatemeh Saadat*, Peter Macheroux, Houshang Alizadeh, Seyed Hadi Razavi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rasburicase is an expensive treatment used to control hyperuricemia caused by tumour lysis syndrome (TLS). In this study, a non-chromatographic method was designed based on nano-oil bodies for convenient and economical purification of the recombinant uricase. For this purpose, two chimaeras were synthesized with a different arrangement of the uricase, caleosin and intein fragments. After confirming the protein expression by measuring the uricase activity at 293 nm, purification was conducted through oil-body construction. The results were resolved on the 12% SDS-PAGE gel. Finally, the stability of the oil bodies was examined against different salts, surfactants, temperatures, and pH values. According to our results, the overexpression of uricase–caleosin chimaera under the T7 promoter in Escherichia coli led to the production of soluble protein, which was successfully purified by artificial oil bodies. The active uricase was subsequently released through the self-splicing of intein. Further investigations highlighted the importance of the free C-terminus of caleosin in constructing artificial oil bodies. Moreover, surfactants and low temperature, in contrast to salts, improved the stability of oil bodies. In conclusion, caleosins are an efficient purification tag reducing the cost of purification compared to conventional chromatography methods. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalBioresources and Bioprocessing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Caleosin
  • Downstream processing
  • Intein
  • Nanoemulsion
  • Triacylglycerol
  • Urate oxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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