Dissimilar Electron Beam Welds of Nickel Base Alloy A625 with a 9% Cr-Steel for High Temperature Applications

Christopher Alois Wiednig, Ernst Plesiutschnig, Stefan Mitsche, Coline Beal, Norbert Enzinger, Claus Lochbichler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Welding of thick walled components with an electron beam has great potential due to the minimal heat input, high reproducibility and cost-efficiency. In the present work electron beam welding was used to weld 50mm thick plates of cast Ni-base alloy A625 to ferritic/martensitic 9% Cr steel plates. The welds were creep exposed at 625°C with stress levels ranging between 156 - 100MPa. Microstructure analysis of the weld-seam and the heat affected zone was carried out using metallography and scanning electron microscopy employing the EBSD technique to determine the location of the creep rupture. Creep fracture is located in the heat affected zone of the 9% Cr steel. Electron beam welded samples were compared to shield metal arc welded samples regarding
welding and creep resistance. The performance and related microstructure properties of the electron beam welded specimen are more than competitive to conventional metal-arc-welding procedures.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2100-2106
JournalMaterials Science Forum
Volume879
DOIs
StatusPublished - 2 Nov 2016

Keywords

    Fields of Expertise

    • Mobility & Production

    Cite this

    Dissimilar Electron Beam Welds of Nickel Base Alloy A625 with a 9% Cr-Steel for High Temperature Applications. / Wiednig, Christopher Alois; Plesiutschnig, Ernst; Mitsche, Stefan; Beal, Coline; Enzinger, Norbert; Lochbichler, Claus.

    In: Materials Science Forum, Vol. 879, 02.11.2016, p. 2100-2106.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    title = "Dissimilar Electron Beam Welds of Nickel Base Alloy A625 with a 9{\%} Cr-Steel for High Temperature Applications",
    abstract = "Welding of thick walled components with an electron beam has great potential due to the minimal heat input, high reproducibility and cost-efficiency. In the present work electron beam welding was used to weld 50mm thick plates of cast Ni-base alloy A625 to ferritic/martensitic 9{\%} Cr steel plates. The welds were creep exposed at 625°C with stress levels ranging between 156 - 100MPa. Microstructure analysis of the weld-seam and the heat affected zone was carried out using metallography and scanning electron microscopy employing the EBSD technique to determine the location of the creep rupture. Creep fracture is located in the heat affected zone of the 9{\%} Cr steel. Electron beam welded samples were compared to shield metal arc welded samples regardingwelding and creep resistance. The performance and related microstructure properties of the electron beam welded specimen are more than competitive to conventional metal-arc-welding procedures.",
    keywords = "electron beam welding, Nickel base alloy, ferrite, Martensitic steel, creep",
    author = "Wiednig, {Christopher Alois} and Ernst Plesiutschnig and Stefan Mitsche and Coline Beal and Norbert Enzinger and Claus Lochbichler",
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    AU - Mitsche,Stefan

    AU - Beal,Coline

    AU - Enzinger,Norbert

    AU - Lochbichler,Claus

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    AB - Welding of thick walled components with an electron beam has great potential due to the minimal heat input, high reproducibility and cost-efficiency. In the present work electron beam welding was used to weld 50mm thick plates of cast Ni-base alloy A625 to ferritic/martensitic 9% Cr steel plates. The welds were creep exposed at 625°C with stress levels ranging between 156 - 100MPa. Microstructure analysis of the weld-seam and the heat affected zone was carried out using metallography and scanning electron microscopy employing the EBSD technique to determine the location of the creep rupture. Creep fracture is located in the heat affected zone of the 9% Cr steel. Electron beam welded samples were compared to shield metal arc welded samples regardingwelding and creep resistance. The performance and related microstructure properties of the electron beam welded specimen are more than competitive to conventional metal-arc-welding procedures.

    KW - electron beam welding

    KW - Nickel base alloy

    KW - ferrite

    KW - Martensitic steel

    KW - creep

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