Determination of Cycle to Cycle Battery Cell Degradation with High-Precision Measurements

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Due to the long life of lithium ion cells, it is difficult to measure their low capacity degradation from cycle to cycle. In order to accelerate the measurements, cells are often exposed to extreme stress conditions, which usually means elevated temperatures and high charging currents. This raises doubts as to whether the results obtained in this way are representative for real world applications. This work shows that, with the help of very precise capacity measurements, it is possible to determine cell aging in a few days even under normal operating conditions from cycle to cycle. To verify this, a self-built measurement system is used. After demonstrating the capabilities of the system, two different cycling schemes are used simultaneously to determine the various causes of aging—namely cycle aging, calendrical aging and self-discharge due to leakage currents.
Original languageEnglish
Article number11876
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • 18650
  • calendrical aging
  • capacity degradation
  • cycle aging
  • leakage current
  • Li-ion
  • precision measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications


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