Decoding natural reach-and-grasp actions from human EEG.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
Despite the high number of degrees of freedom of the human hand, most actions of daily life can be executed incorporating only palmar, pincer and lateral grasp. In this study we attempt to discriminate these three different executed reach-and-grasp actions utilizing their EEG neural correlates.

APPROACH:
In a cue-guided experiment, 15 healthy individuals were asked to perform these actions using daily life objects. We recorded 72 trials for each reach-and-grasp condition and from a no-movement condition.

MAIN RESULTS:
Using low-frequency time domain features from 0.3 to 3 Hz, we achieved binary classification accuracies of 72.4%, STD  ±  5.8% between grasp types, for grasps versus no-movement condition peak performances of 93.5%, STD  ±  4.6% could be reached. In an offline multiclass classification scenario which incorporated not only all reach-and-grasp actions but also the no-movement condition, the highest performance could be reached using a window of 1000 ms for feature extraction. Classification performance peaked at 65.9%, STD  ±  8.1%. Underlying neural correlates of the reach-and-grasp actions, investigated over the primary motor cortex, showed significant differences starting from approximately 800 ms to 1200 ms after the movement onset which is also the same time frame where classification performance reached its maximum.

SIGNIFICANCE:
We could show that it is possible to discriminate three executed reach-and-grasp actions prominent in people's everyday use from non-invasive EEG. Underlying neural correlates showed significant differences between all tested conditions. These findings will eventually contribute to our attempt of controlling a neuroprosthesis in a natural and intuitive way, which could ultimately benefit motor impaired end users in their daily life actions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number016005
JournalJournal of neural engineering
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2018

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Hand Strength
Electroencephalography
Decoding
Feature extraction
Motor Cortex
Cues
Hand
Experiments

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Decoding natural reach-and-grasp actions from human EEG. / Schwarz, Andreas; Ofner, Patrick; Pereira, Joana; Sburlea, Andreea Ioana; Müller-Putz, Gernot.

In: Journal of neural engineering, Vol. 15, No. 1, 016005, 15.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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title = "Decoding natural reach-and-grasp actions from human EEG.",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE:Despite the high number of degrees of freedom of the human hand, most actions of daily life can be executed incorporating only palmar, pincer and lateral grasp. In this study we attempt to discriminate these three different executed reach-and-grasp actions utilizing their EEG neural correlates.APPROACH:In a cue-guided experiment, 15 healthy individuals were asked to perform these actions using daily life objects. We recorded 72 trials for each reach-and-grasp condition and from a no-movement condition.MAIN RESULTS:Using low-frequency time domain features from 0.3 to 3 Hz, we achieved binary classification accuracies of 72.4{\%}, STD  ±  5.8{\%} between grasp types, for grasps versus no-movement condition peak performances of 93.5{\%}, STD  ±  4.6{\%} could be reached. In an offline multiclass classification scenario which incorporated not only all reach-and-grasp actions but also the no-movement condition, the highest performance could be reached using a window of 1000 ms for feature extraction. Classification performance peaked at 65.9{\%}, STD  ±  8.1{\%}. Underlying neural correlates of the reach-and-grasp actions, investigated over the primary motor cortex, showed significant differences starting from approximately 800 ms to 1200 ms after the movement onset which is also the same time frame where classification performance reached its maximum.SIGNIFICANCE:We could show that it is possible to discriminate three executed reach-and-grasp actions prominent in people's everyday use from non-invasive EEG. Underlying neural correlates showed significant differences between all tested conditions. These findings will eventually contribute to our attempt of controlling a neuroprosthesis in a natural and intuitive way, which could ultimately benefit motor impaired end users in their daily life actions.",
author = "Andreas Schwarz and Patrick Ofner and Joana Pereira and Sburlea, {Andreea Ioana} and Gernot M{\"u}ller-Putz",
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N2 - OBJECTIVE:Despite the high number of degrees of freedom of the human hand, most actions of daily life can be executed incorporating only palmar, pincer and lateral grasp. In this study we attempt to discriminate these three different executed reach-and-grasp actions utilizing their EEG neural correlates.APPROACH:In a cue-guided experiment, 15 healthy individuals were asked to perform these actions using daily life objects. We recorded 72 trials for each reach-and-grasp condition and from a no-movement condition.MAIN RESULTS:Using low-frequency time domain features from 0.3 to 3 Hz, we achieved binary classification accuracies of 72.4%, STD  ±  5.8% between grasp types, for grasps versus no-movement condition peak performances of 93.5%, STD  ±  4.6% could be reached. In an offline multiclass classification scenario which incorporated not only all reach-and-grasp actions but also the no-movement condition, the highest performance could be reached using a window of 1000 ms for feature extraction. Classification performance peaked at 65.9%, STD  ±  8.1%. Underlying neural correlates of the reach-and-grasp actions, investigated over the primary motor cortex, showed significant differences starting from approximately 800 ms to 1200 ms after the movement onset which is also the same time frame where classification performance reached its maximum.SIGNIFICANCE:We could show that it is possible to discriminate three executed reach-and-grasp actions prominent in people's everyday use from non-invasive EEG. Underlying neural correlates showed significant differences between all tested conditions. These findings will eventually contribute to our attempt of controlling a neuroprosthesis in a natural and intuitive way, which could ultimately benefit motor impaired end users in their daily life actions.

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