Cutting force analysis of oak for the development of a cutting force model

Ondrej Dvoracek*, Daniel Lechowicz, Franz Haas, Stephan Frybort

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The cutting process of oak (Quercus robur) was investigated by means of a novel testing approach. A unique testing device, enabling nearly linear stand-alone cuts, was used. The specimens climatized to 6 different moisture content levels were machined within cutting velocities ranging from 5 to 80 m·s−1, at 5 cutting fibre angles from along to across the grain, and at different uncut chip thicknesses of up to 0.5 mm. The precise quartz sensor utilized for observing cutting forces enabled insights into the cutting mechanism involved while wood disintegration. Cutting velocity evolved as a key process parameter strongly influencing cutting force. Evaluation of uncut chip thickness showed a regression that was strongly influenced by particular force components. The friction force generated by “ploughing” the surface was relevant when cutting thin chips. In contrast, the part of force introduced by chip formation affected the process weightily in the case of cutting a thick chip. When cutting parallel to the grain lower forces were observed than cutting perpendicular to grain orientation. Obtained data supported the mathematical force prediction model establishment involving several parameters (e.g. cutting velocity, cutting fibre angle, uncut chip thickness, and moisture content).

Original languageEnglish
JournalWood Material Science and Engineering
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021


  • cutting force
  • disintegration analysis
  • prediction model
  • Wood
  • wood machining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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