Van der Waals heterostructures based on the heteroassembly of 2D materials represent a recently developed class of materials with promising properties especially for optoelectronic applications. The alignment of electronic energy bands between consecutive layers of these heterostructures crucially determines their functionality. In the present paper, relying on dispersion-corrected density-functional theory calculations, we present electrostatic design as a promising tool for manipulating this band alignment. The latter is achieved by inserting a layer of aligned polar molecules between consecutive transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) sheets. As a consequence, collective electrostatic effects induce a shift of as much as 0.3 eV in the band edges of successive TMD layers. Building on that, the proposed approach can be used to design electronically more complex systems, like quantum cascades or quantum wells, or to change the type of band lineup between type II and type I.
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science