Control of Wastewater Collector Tunnels: Implementation of real-time control for the central collector tunnel in the city of Graz

Research output: ThesisMaster's ThesisResearch

Abstract

Nowadays the protection of our ecosystem and the responsible use of our natural resources are of high importance to us. Therefore, the conservation or the re-establishment of a good chemical and ecological state for all surface water bodies is a high priority for every local sewer operator. In a city like Graz that mainly uses a combined sewer system where rainwater and municipal sewage come together in one pipe, an untreated overflow of that polluted water into a receiving water body should be prevented by all means.
This thesis deals with the management of the newly constructed collector tunnel in Graz and the possible control actions that can be taken to raise the efficiency of the system using an integrated model that combines a rainfall model, a conceptual model for the sewer system of the city and a detailed model of the collector tunnel.
The work focuses on two main points concerning the central storage tunnel. The first one is to maximize the cleaning efficiency by flushing the sewers to reduce sediments in the tunnel. The newly developed flushing schemes show clear advantages over the currently used strategy. The second point is developing a global real-time control strategy to minimize combined sewer overflows during storm events. Two control schemes were developed and compared with each other, a rule based real-time control system and a model predictive control system. Both proved to be significantly better in handling storm events than the currently used local control system.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationMaster of Science
Awarding Institution
  • Institute of Urban Water Management and Landscape Water Engineering (2150)
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Muschalla, Dirk, Supervisor
  • Hofer, Thomas Franz, Supervisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date18 Nov 2014
Place of PublicationGraz
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2014

Fingerprint

Real time control
Sewers
Tunnels
Wastewater
tunnel
Combined sewers
wastewater
control system
flushing
Predictive control systems
Control systems
Model predictive control
Natural resources
Sewage
Surface waters
Ecosystems
Rain
Water
Cleaning
Conservation

Keywords

  • Combined sewer overflow
  • effective flushing of sewers
  • integrated modelling
  • model predictive control
  • real time control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution

Fields of Expertise

  • Sustainable Systems

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Application

Cite this

Maier, R 2014, 'Control of Wastewater Collector Tunnels: Implementation of real-time control for the central collector tunnel in the city of Graz ', Master of Science, Institute of Urban Water Management and Landscape Water Engineering (2150), Graz.
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abstract = "Nowadays the protection of our ecosystem and the responsible use of our natural resources are of high importance to us. Therefore, the conservation or the re-establishment of a good chemical and ecological state for all surface water bodies is a high priority for every local sewer operator. In a city like Graz that mainly uses a combined sewer system where rainwater and municipal sewage come together in one pipe, an untreated overflow of that polluted water into a receiving water body should be prevented by all means.This thesis deals with the management of the newly constructed collector tunnel in Graz and the possible control actions that can be taken to raise the efficiency of the system using an integrated model that combines a rainfall model, a conceptual model for the sewer system of the city and a detailed model of the collector tunnel.The work focuses on two main points concerning the central storage tunnel. The first one is to maximize the cleaning efficiency by flushing the sewers to reduce sediments in the tunnel. The newly developed flushing schemes show clear advantages over the currently used strategy. The second point is developing a global real-time control strategy to minimize combined sewer overflows during storm events. Two control schemes were developed and compared with each other, a rule based real-time control system and a model predictive control system. Both proved to be significantly better in handling storm events than the currently used local control system.",
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N2 - Nowadays the protection of our ecosystem and the responsible use of our natural resources are of high importance to us. Therefore, the conservation or the re-establishment of a good chemical and ecological state for all surface water bodies is a high priority for every local sewer operator. In a city like Graz that mainly uses a combined sewer system where rainwater and municipal sewage come together in one pipe, an untreated overflow of that polluted water into a receiving water body should be prevented by all means.This thesis deals with the management of the newly constructed collector tunnel in Graz and the possible control actions that can be taken to raise the efficiency of the system using an integrated model that combines a rainfall model, a conceptual model for the sewer system of the city and a detailed model of the collector tunnel.The work focuses on two main points concerning the central storage tunnel. The first one is to maximize the cleaning efficiency by flushing the sewers to reduce sediments in the tunnel. The newly developed flushing schemes show clear advantages over the currently used strategy. The second point is developing a global real-time control strategy to minimize combined sewer overflows during storm events. Two control schemes were developed and compared with each other, a rule based real-time control system and a model predictive control system. Both proved to be significantly better in handling storm events than the currently used local control system.

AB - Nowadays the protection of our ecosystem and the responsible use of our natural resources are of high importance to us. Therefore, the conservation or the re-establishment of a good chemical and ecological state for all surface water bodies is a high priority for every local sewer operator. In a city like Graz that mainly uses a combined sewer system where rainwater and municipal sewage come together in one pipe, an untreated overflow of that polluted water into a receiving water body should be prevented by all means.This thesis deals with the management of the newly constructed collector tunnel in Graz and the possible control actions that can be taken to raise the efficiency of the system using an integrated model that combines a rainfall model, a conceptual model for the sewer system of the city and a detailed model of the collector tunnel.The work focuses on two main points concerning the central storage tunnel. The first one is to maximize the cleaning efficiency by flushing the sewers to reduce sediments in the tunnel. The newly developed flushing schemes show clear advantages over the currently used strategy. The second point is developing a global real-time control strategy to minimize combined sewer overflows during storm events. Two control schemes were developed and compared with each other, a rule based real-time control system and a model predictive control system. Both proved to be significantly better in handling storm events than the currently used local control system.

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KW - model predictive control

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