Consolidating the social, environmental and economic risks, challenges and opportunities in gold mining: an overview

Research output: Book/ReportOther reportResearch


Non-fuel mining is known to cause extensive environmental and social impacts. Problems have been exacerbated as demand for minerals has grown over the last decade, due in part to the growth in demand for consumer electronics.

Artisanal and small-scale miners (ASM) around the world now rely on consumer demand in order to make a living and corporations fuel increased consumption with annual production and promotion cycles. (Apple, for example, now produces new iPhone models at a rate of two per year.) Simultaneously, many change-focused efforts abound in both consumer/northern nations and producer/southern nations. Despite awareness of problems amongst industry and governments, meaningful progress is slow and limited, at best.

Building on SEI’s portfolio of producer-to-consumer research linked to energy and agricultural commodities, this project is designed to lay the groundwork for a new research stream focused on the risks and opportunities in non-fuel mining, the consumption of minerals, and the disposal of goods containing them by examining the case of gold.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationStockholm, Sweden
PublisherStockholm Environment Institute
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes



  • mining
  • extractive industries
  • electronics
  • sustainability

Fields of Expertise

  • Sustainable Systems

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