CMEs in the Heliosphere: III. A Statistical Analysis of the Kinematic Properties Derived from Stereoscopic Geometrical Modelling Techniques Applied to CMEs Detected in the Heliosphere from 2008 to 2014 by STEREO/HI-1

D. Barnes, J. A. Davies, R. A. Harrison, J. P. Byrne, C. H. Perry, V. Bothmer, J. P. Eastwood, P. T. Gallagher, E. K. J. Kilpua, C. Möstl, L. Rodriguez, A. P. Rouillard, D. Odstrcil

Research output: Working paper

Abstract

We present an analysis of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) observed by the Heliospheric Imagers (HIs) on board NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft. Between August 2008 and April 2014 we identify 273 CMEs that are observed simultaneously, by the HIs on both spacecraft. For each CME, we track the observed leading edge, as a function of time, from both vantage points, and apply the Stereoscopic Self-Similar Expansion (SSSE) technique to infer their propagation throughout the inner heliosphere. The technique is unable to accurately locate CMEs when their observed leading edge passes between the spacecraft, however, we are able to successfully apply the technique to 151, most of which occur once the spacecraft separation angle exceeds 180 degrees, during solar maximum. We find that using a small half-width to fit the CME can result in observed acceleration to unphysically high velocities and that using a larger half-width can fail to accurately locate the CMEs close to the Sun because the method does not account for CME over-expansion in this region. Observed velocities from SSSE are found to agree well with single-spacecraft (SSEF) analysis techniques applied to the same events. CME propagation directions derived from SSSE and SSEF analysis agree poorly because of known limitations present in the latter. This work was carried out as part of the EU FP7 HELCATS (Heliospheric Cataloguing, Analysis and Techniques Service) project (http://www.helcats-fp7.eu/)....
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

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