Cluster Purging: Efficient Outlier Detection based on Rate-Distortion Theory

Maximilian Toller, Bernhard Geiger, Roman Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rate-distortion theory-based outlier detection builds upon the rationale that a good data compression will encode outliers with unique symbols. Based on this rationale, we propose Cluster Purging, which is an extension of clustering-based outlier detection. This extension allows one to assess the representivity of clusterings, and to find data that are best represented by individual unique clusters. We propose two efficient algorithms for performing Cluster Purging, one being parameter-free, while the other algorithm has a parameter that controls representivity estimations, allowing it to be tuned in supervised setups. In an experimental evaluation, we show that Cluster Purging improves upon outliers detected from raw clusterings, and that Cluster Purging competes strongly against state-of-the-art alternatives.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Aug 2021


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