Class attendance, peer similarity, and academic performance in a large field study

Valentin Kassarnig, Andreas Bjerre-Nielsen, Enys Mones, Sune Lehmann, David Dreyer Lassen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Identifying the factors that determine academic performance is an essential part of educational research. Existing research indicates that class attendance is a useful predictor of subsequent course achievements. The majority of the literature is, however, based on surveys and self-reports, methods which have well-known systematic biases that lead to limitations on conclusions and generalizability as well as being costly to implement. Here we propose a novel method for measuring class attendance that overcomes these limitations by using location and bluetooth data collected from smartphone sensors. Based on measured attendance data of nearly 1,000 undergraduate students, we demonstrate that early and consistent class attendance strongly correlates with academic performance. In addition, our novel dataset allows us to determine that attendance among social peers was substantially correlated (>0.5), suggesting either an important peer effect or homophily with respect to attendance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0187078
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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academic achievement
peers
educational research
Smartphones
Bluetooth
college students
Research
Self Report
Students
Sensors
methodology
Smartphone
Surveys and Questionnaires
Datasets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Kassarnig, V., Bjerre-Nielsen, A., Mones, E., Lehmann, S., & Lassen, D. D. (2017). Class attendance, peer similarity, and academic performance in a large field study. PLoS ONE, 12(11), [e0187078]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187078

Class attendance, peer similarity, and academic performance in a large field study. / Kassarnig, Valentin; Bjerre-Nielsen, Andreas; Mones, Enys; Lehmann, Sune; Lassen, David Dreyer.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 12, No. 11, e0187078, 01.11.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Kassarnig, V, Bjerre-Nielsen, A, Mones, E, Lehmann, S & Lassen, DD 2017, 'Class attendance, peer similarity, and academic performance in a large field study' PLoS ONE, vol. 12, no. 11, e0187078. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187078
Kassarnig V, Bjerre-Nielsen A, Mones E, Lehmann S, Lassen DD. Class attendance, peer similarity, and academic performance in a large field study. PLoS ONE. 2017 Nov 1;12(11). e0187078. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187078
Kassarnig, Valentin ; Bjerre-Nielsen, Andreas ; Mones, Enys ; Lehmann, Sune ; Lassen, David Dreyer. / Class attendance, peer similarity, and academic performance in a large field study. In: PLoS ONE. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 11.
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