Chemical Structure–Antioxidant Activity Relationship of Water–Based Enzymatic Polymerized Rutin and Its Wound Healing Potential

Tanja Pivec, Rupert Kargl, Uroš Maver, Matej Bracic, Thomas Elschner, Ema Žagar, Lidija Gradišnik, Karin Stana Kleinschek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The flavonoid rutin (RU) is a known antioxidant substance of plant origin. Its potential application in pharmaceutical and cosmetic fields is, however, limited, due to its low water solubility. This limitation can be overcome by polymerization of the phenolic RU into polyrutin (PR). In this work, an enzymatic polymerization of RU was performed in water, without the addition of organic solvents. Further, the chemical structure of PR was investigated using 1H NMR, and FTIR spectroscopy. Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) was used to determine the molecular weight of PR, while its acid/base character was studied by potentiometric charge titrations. Additionally, this work investigated the antioxidant and free radical scavenging potential of PR with respect to its chemical structure, based on its ability to (i) scavenge non biological stable free radicals (ABTS), (ii) scavenge biologically important oxidants, such as O2•, NO•, and OH•, and (iii) chelate Fe2+. The influence of PR on fibroblast and HaCaT cell viability was evaluated to confirm the applicability of water soluble PR for wound healing application.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science
  • Human- & Biotechnology

Cite this