Characterization of nano-sized TiO2 suspensions for functional modification of polyester fabric

Alenka Ojstršek, Karin Stana Kleinschek, Darinka Fakin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Three industrially-prepared (via the sulphate synthesis process) and commercially-available nanoTiO2 colloidal suspensions were coated on polyester fabric using the conventional pad-dry-cure procedure, in order to enhance fabric functionalities by imparting self-cleaning and UV-protection ability. Various characterization techniques, i.e. transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), and UV/Vis spectroscopy of the suspensions revealed the presence of anatase TiO2 spherical-shaped nanoparticles of different crystallite sizes, as well as its prominent absorption capacity within the UV region. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was adopted to analyse the morphological structure of nanoTiO2-modified PES fabrics. Furthermore, the photocatalytic activity was investigated through the discolourations of red wine and red beet stains under two types of light sources, i.e. direct day light and artificial UV light, by means of a spectrophotometry. The UV-protective properties were also evaluated by calculating the ultraviolet protective factors of individual coated fabric. The obtained results show acceptable blocking properties against UV-rays, as well as the adequate self-cleaning abilities of TiO2-modified PES fabrics as governed by the types and concentrations of applied TiO2 suspension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-74
Number of pages7
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Pad-dry-cure procedure
  • Polyester fabric
  • Self-cleaning ability
  • Surface modification
  • TiO nanoparticles
  • UV protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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