Characterisation of modified polypropylene fibres

Kristina Stakne*, Majda Sfiligoj Smole, Karin Stana Kleinschek, Andriy Jaroschuk, Volker Ribitsch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Due to excellent mechanical properties, high chemical, stability and processability polypropylene fibres are mostly used in different technical fields. However, because of low surface energy, lack of reactive sites and sensitivity to photo or thermal oxidation the polymer properties are insufficient for some applications. Therefore several techniques for fibres modification are reported, e.g., plasma treatment, chemical modification etc. To alter the chemical and physical properties hydrophobic polypropylene monofilament fibres were surface modified and the sulphonation with concentrated sulpuric acid was used. The sulfonation was performed at different conditions, e.g., different temperatures and varying period of time and a detailed study of treatment conditions influence on the fibre properties was carried out. The sulphur content on fibres was determined by mass spectroscopy. The sulfonic acid cation exchange polypropylene fibres were characterised in terms of elektrokinetic and mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2167-2169
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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    Stakne, K., Sfiligoj Smole, M., Stana Kleinschek, K., Jaroschuk, A., & Ribitsch, V. (2003). Characterisation of modified polypropylene fibres. Journal of Materials Science, 38(10), 2167-2169. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023776030473