Calibrated design model for the compression capacity of angle members with welded joints including accurate joint stiffness

Harald Unterweger*, Markus Kettler, Paul Reinhold Zauchner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Due to the commonly eccentric connection on only one angle leg (bolted or welded), additional bending moments are acting on the member, leading to a complex load carrying behavior with flexural and/or lateral torsional buckling phenomena. Furthermore, type and size of rotational restraints at the member's ends (provided by the adjacent structure) significantly influence the compression member capacity of these members.

Within this paper, a recently developed design model for angle members in compression is introduced. The presented method allows for calculating the internal forces based on elastic second order theory for an individual member with eccentricities and rotational spring stiffness at both ends. This calculation can be carried out by means of conventional structural analysis software. Detailed analytical equations for the estimation of appropriate spring stiffness values for several practical applications in buildings with two-bolt connections have recently been presented by the authors. This relationship is now enhanced by means of additional formulae for angle members welded to the adjacent structure. Detailed background information on the derivation of these newly developed spring stiffness formulae is given. Finally, the accuracy of the design model for this enlarged range of application for welded angle members is shown through comparison with sophisticated finite element calculations, code provisions and experimental tests from literature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-384
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022
Event2022 International Colloquium on Stability and Ductility of Steel Structures : SDSS 2022 - Aveiro, Portugal
Duration: 14 Sep 202216 Sep 2022

Fields of Expertise

  • Sustainable Systems


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