Block-Copolymers Enable Direct Reduction and Structuration of Noble Metal-Based Films

Maxime Gayrard, Francois Chancerel, Maria Letizia De Marco, Denys Naumenko, Cédric Boissière, Laurence Rozes, Heinz Amenitsch, Jennifer Peron, Andrea Cattoni, Marco Faustini*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Noble metal nanostructured films are of great interest for various applications including electronics, photonics, catalysis, and photocatalysis. Yet, structuring and patterning noble metals, especially those of the platinum group, is challenging by conventional nanofabrication. Herein, an approach based on solution processing to obtain metal-based films (rhodium, ruthenium (Ru) or iridium in the presence of residual organic species) with nanostructuration at the 20 nm-scale is introduced. Compared to existing approaches, the dual functionality of block-copolymers acting both as structuring and as reducing agent under inert atmosphere is exploited. A set of in situ techniques has allowed for the capturing of the carbothermal reduction mechanism occurring at the hybrid organic/inorganic interface. Differently from previous literature, a two-step reduction mechanism is unveiled with the formation of a carbonyl intermediate. From a technological point of view, the materials can be solution-processed on a large scale by dip-coating as polymers and simultaneously structured and reduced into metals without requiring expensive equipment or treatments in reducing atmosphere. Importantly, the metal-based films can be patterned directly by block-copolymer lithography or by soft-nanoimprint lithography on various substrates. As proof-of-concept of application, the authors demonstrate that nanostructured Ru films can be used as efficient catalysts for H2 generation into microfluidic reactors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2104204
JournalSmall
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • block-copolymers
  • mesoporous films
  • metals
  • patterning
  • reduction
  • small-angle X-ray scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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