Biomechanical properties of a suture anchor system from human allogenic mineralized cortical bone matrix for rotator cuff repair

Jakob E. Schanda*, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Gerhard Sommer, Philipp R. Heuberer, Brenda Laky, Christian Muschitz, Klaus Pastl, Eva Pastl, Christian Fialka, Rainer Mittermayr, Johannes Grillari, Ines Foessl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Suture anchors (SAs) made of human allogenic mineralized cortical bone matrix are among the newest developments in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. Biomechanical properties of an allogenic mineralized suture anchor (AMSA) are not investigated until now. The primary objective was the biomechanical investigation of AMSA and comparing it to a metallic suture anchor (MSA) and a bioabsorbable suture anchor (BSA) placed at the greater tuberosity of the humeral head of cadaver humeri. Additionally, we assessed the biomechanical properties of the SAs with bone microarchitecture parameters. Methods: First, bone microarchitecture of 12 fresh frozen human cadaver humeri from six donors was analyzed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography. In total, 18 AMSAs, 9 MSAs, and 9 BSAs were implanted at a 60° angle. All three SA systems were systematically implanted alternating in three positions within the greater tuberosity (position 1: anterior, position 2: central, position 3: posterior) with a distance of 15 mm to each other. Biomechanical load to failure was measured in a uniaxial direction at 135°. Results: Mean age of all specimens was 53.6 ± 9.1 years. For all bone microarchitecture measurements, linear regression slope estimates were negative which implies decreasing values with increasing age of specimens. Positioning of all three SA systems at the greater tuberosity was equally distributed (p = 0.827). Mean load to failure rates were higher for AMSA compared to MSA and BSA without reaching statistical significance between the groups (p = 0.427). Anchor displacement was comparable for all three SA systems, while there were significant differences regarding failure mode between all three SA systems (p < 0.001). Maximum load to failure was reached in all cases for AMSA, in 44.4% for MSA, and in 55.6% for BSA. Suture tear was observed in 55.6% for MSA and in 22.2% for BSA. Anchor breakage was solely seen for BSA (22.2%). No correlations were observed between bone microarchitecture parameters and load to failure rates of all three suture anchor systems. Conclusions: The AMSA showed promising biomechanical properties for initial fixation strength for RCR. Since reduced BMD is an important issue for patients with chronic rotator cuff lesions, the AMSA is an interesting alternative to MSA and BSA. Also, the AMSA could improve healing of the enthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number422
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Allogenic mineralized suture anchor
  • Biomechanical analysis
  • High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography
  • Rotator cuff reconstruction
  • Shoulder
  • Shoulder surgery
  • Suture anchor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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