In the frame of this paper, the synthesis of self-assembled magnetic and biocompatible nanovehicles movable in aqueous solutions by a magnetic field gradient is presented. The systems consist of a mesoporous silicon template and encapsulated iron oxide nanostructures, both materials known to be biocompatible. Two routes are applied to produce iron oxide nanostructures embedded within porous silicon. First, readily synthesized superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) are infiltrated into the pores. The second attempt is the chemical deposition of iron oxide structures inside the PSi templates. Concerning the adjustability of the magnetic properties of the system the loading procedure of the PSi with iron oxide NPs will be elucidated in detail as well as the growth of iron oxide structures within the pores. An assessment of the iron oxide deposition dependent on the template and the chemical parameters as well as of the magnetic properties in dependence on the particle size and template morphology of the nanocomposite will be presented. A further approach is the transition from a magnetite to the stable hematite phase by heat treatment of the specimens. A sufficient filling leading to a magnetization high enough for the movement of the nanovehicles within aqueous surroundings (e.g., body fluid) by magnetic field gradients could be reached easily.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science
Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)