Basic steel properties of self-tapping timber screws exposed to cyclic axial loading

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Nowadays, modern self-tapping timber screws are frequently applied for various design situations in timber engineering. They are commonly arranged in a way to predominately load them in axial direction, maximizing their load-carrying capacity and stiffness. While the related determination of properties for quasi-static design situations has become a standardized procedure, loading scenarios deviating from these situations have so far been considered insufficiently or not at all. Amongst others, this concerns the fatigue behavior and failure modes, provoked by cyclic loading at stress levels far below the component's quasi-static load bearing capacity. The aim of the research work presented in this article was to fill this gap of knowledge for axially loaded self-tapping screws. Based on theoretical considerations, which indicate that the steel tensile capacity is the decisive factor in the design process, the related experimental investigations were restricted to the product performance of the self-tapping screws themselves. The tests were conducted by means of monotonic and cyclic loading. The stress level σ max as well as the stress ratio R were varied. A selection of failed specimens was additionally examined by means of fractographic scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The gained results allow us to quantify the S/N-relationship in the high-cycle fatigue (HCF) domain in form of the notch character k SN = 3.87 (significant notch) as well as to describe the impact of R on f fat for N = 2·10 6 load cycles by means of “detail category 100” according to Eurocode 3. In addition, the microscopic images help us to understand the specific fatigue fracture mode and that the product-immanent notches and cracks are responsible for the screws’ vulnerable behavior in fatigue.

LanguageEnglish
Pages207-216
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction & building materials
Volume211
DOIs
StatusPublished - 30 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Steel
Timber
Fatigue of materials
Load limits
Bearing capacity
Oils and fats
Failure modes
Loads (forces)
Fats
Stiffness
Cracks
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Self-tapping timber screws
  • Axial loading
  • Material fatigue
  • Wöhler fatigue tests
  • Detail category
  • Fractographic scanning electron microscopy
  • Wohler fatigue tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science
  • Sustainable Systems

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)
  • Application

Cite this

Basic steel properties of self-tapping timber screws exposed to cyclic axial loading. / Ringhofer, Andreas; Augustin, Manfred; Schickhofer, Gerhard.

In: Construction & building materials, Vol. 211, 30.06.2019, p. 207-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

@article{a23eecbf95954ae49d1dcc46257417c4,
title = "Basic steel properties of self-tapping timber screws exposed to cyclic axial loading",
abstract = "Nowadays, modern self-tapping timber screws are frequently applied for various design situations in timber engineering. They are commonly arranged in a way to predominately load them in axial direction, maximizing their load-carrying capacity and stiffness. While the related determination of properties for quasi-static design situations has become a standardized procedure, loading scenarios deviating from these situations have so far been considered insufficiently or not at all. Amongst others, this concerns the fatigue behavior and failure modes, provoked by cyclic loading at stress levels far below the component's quasi-static load bearing capacity. The aim of the research work presented in this article was to fill this gap of knowledge for axially loaded self-tapping screws. Based on theoretical considerations, which indicate that the steel tensile capacity is the decisive factor in the design process, the related experimental investigations were restricted to the product performance of the self-tapping screws themselves. The tests were conducted by means of monotonic and cyclic loading. The stress level σ max as well as the stress ratio R were varied. A selection of failed specimens was additionally examined by means of fractographic scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The gained results allow us to quantify the S/N-relationship in the high-cycle fatigue (HCF) domain in form of the notch character k SN = 3.87 (significant notch) as well as to describe the impact of R on f fat for N = 2·10 6 load cycles by means of “detail category 100” according to Eurocode 3. In addition, the microscopic images help us to understand the specific fatigue fracture mode and that the product-immanent notches and cracks are responsible for the screws’ vulnerable behavior in fatigue.",
keywords = "Self-tapping timber screws, Axial loading, Material fatigue, W{\"o}hler fatigue tests, Detail category, Fractographic scanning electron microscopy, Wohler fatigue tests",
author = "Andreas Ringhofer and Manfred Augustin and Gerhard Schickhofer",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.200",
language = "English",
volume = "211",
pages = "207--216",
journal = "Construction & building materials",
issn = "0950-0618",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Basic steel properties of self-tapping timber screws exposed to cyclic axial loading

AU - Ringhofer, Andreas

AU - Augustin, Manfred

AU - Schickhofer, Gerhard

PY - 2019/6/30

Y1 - 2019/6/30

N2 - Nowadays, modern self-tapping timber screws are frequently applied for various design situations in timber engineering. They are commonly arranged in a way to predominately load them in axial direction, maximizing their load-carrying capacity and stiffness. While the related determination of properties for quasi-static design situations has become a standardized procedure, loading scenarios deviating from these situations have so far been considered insufficiently or not at all. Amongst others, this concerns the fatigue behavior and failure modes, provoked by cyclic loading at stress levels far below the component's quasi-static load bearing capacity. The aim of the research work presented in this article was to fill this gap of knowledge for axially loaded self-tapping screws. Based on theoretical considerations, which indicate that the steel tensile capacity is the decisive factor in the design process, the related experimental investigations were restricted to the product performance of the self-tapping screws themselves. The tests were conducted by means of monotonic and cyclic loading. The stress level σ max as well as the stress ratio R were varied. A selection of failed specimens was additionally examined by means of fractographic scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The gained results allow us to quantify the S/N-relationship in the high-cycle fatigue (HCF) domain in form of the notch character k SN = 3.87 (significant notch) as well as to describe the impact of R on f fat for N = 2·10 6 load cycles by means of “detail category 100” according to Eurocode 3. In addition, the microscopic images help us to understand the specific fatigue fracture mode and that the product-immanent notches and cracks are responsible for the screws’ vulnerable behavior in fatigue.

AB - Nowadays, modern self-tapping timber screws are frequently applied for various design situations in timber engineering. They are commonly arranged in a way to predominately load them in axial direction, maximizing their load-carrying capacity and stiffness. While the related determination of properties for quasi-static design situations has become a standardized procedure, loading scenarios deviating from these situations have so far been considered insufficiently or not at all. Amongst others, this concerns the fatigue behavior and failure modes, provoked by cyclic loading at stress levels far below the component's quasi-static load bearing capacity. The aim of the research work presented in this article was to fill this gap of knowledge for axially loaded self-tapping screws. Based on theoretical considerations, which indicate that the steel tensile capacity is the decisive factor in the design process, the related experimental investigations were restricted to the product performance of the self-tapping screws themselves. The tests were conducted by means of monotonic and cyclic loading. The stress level σ max as well as the stress ratio R were varied. A selection of failed specimens was additionally examined by means of fractographic scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The gained results allow us to quantify the S/N-relationship in the high-cycle fatigue (HCF) domain in form of the notch character k SN = 3.87 (significant notch) as well as to describe the impact of R on f fat for N = 2·10 6 load cycles by means of “detail category 100” according to Eurocode 3. In addition, the microscopic images help us to understand the specific fatigue fracture mode and that the product-immanent notches and cracks are responsible for the screws’ vulnerable behavior in fatigue.

KW - Self-tapping timber screws

KW - Axial loading

KW - Material fatigue

KW - Wöhler fatigue tests

KW - Detail category

KW - Fractographic scanning electron microscopy

KW - Wohler fatigue tests

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063286155&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.200

DO - 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.200

M3 - Article

VL - 211

SP - 207

EP - 216

JO - Construction & building materials

T2 - Construction & building materials

JF - Construction & building materials

SN - 0950-0618

ER -