Automated Computer-aided Design of Cranial Implants Using a Deep Volumetric Convolutional Denoising Autoencoder

Ana Morais, Jan Egger, Victor Alves

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Computer-aided Design (CAD) software enables the design of patient-specific cranial implants, but it often requires of a lot of manual user-interactions. This paper proposes a Deep Learning (DL) approach towards the automated CAD of cranial implants, allowing the design process to be less user-dependent and even less time-consuming. The problem of reconstructing a cranial defect, which is essentially filling in a region in a skull, was posed as a 3D shape completion task and, to solve it, a Volumetric Convolutional Denoising Autoencoder was implemented using the open-source DL framework PyTorch. The autoencoder was trained on 3D skull models obtained by processing an open-access dataset of Magnetic Resonance Imaging brain scans. The 3D skull models were represented as binary voxel occupancy grids and experiments were carried out for different voxel resolutions. For each experiment …
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Knowledge in Information Systems and Technologies
Subtitle of host publicationWorldCIST'19 2019
EditorsÁ. Rocha, H. Adeli, L. Reis, S. Costanzo
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages151-160
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-16187-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-16186-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2019 World Conference on Information Systems and Technologies - Galicia, Spain
Duration: 16 Apr 201919 Apr 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
Volume932

Conference

Conference2019 World Conference on Information Systems and Technologies
Abbreviated titleWorldCIST 2019
CountrySpain
CityGalicia
Period16/04/1919/04/19

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