Approximating gecko setae via direct laser lithography

Omar Tricinci, Eric V. Eason, Carlo Filippeschi, Alessio Mondini, Barbara Mazzolai, Nicola M. Pugno, Mark R. Cutkosky, Francesco Greco, Virgilio Mattoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The biomimetic replication of dry adhesion present in the gecko's foot has attracted great interest in recent years. All the microfabrication techniques used so far were not able to faithfully reproduce the hierarchical and complex three-dimensional geometry of the gecko's setae, with features at the micro- and nano-scale, thus reducing the effectiveness that such conformal morphology could provide. By means of direct laser lithography we fabricated artificial hairs that faithfully reproduce the natural model. This technique allows the fabrication of three-dimensional microstructures with outstanding results in terms of reproducibility and resolution at the micro- and nano-scale. It was possible to get very close to the morphology of the natural gecko setae, especially concerning the hierarchical shape. We designed several morphologies for the setae and studied the effects in terms of adhesion and friction performances compared to the natural counterpart, showing the interplay between morphology, dimensional scaling and materials. Direct laser lithography promises great applications in the biomimetics field, paving the way to the implementation of the concept of hierarchical bioinspired dry adhesives.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075009
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lithography
lithography
Lasers
biomimetics
Biomimetics
lasers
adhesion
Adhesion
Microfabrication
hair
adhesives
Adhesives
friction
Friction
scaling
Fabrication
microstructure
Microstructure
fabrication
Geometry

Keywords

  • biomimetic hierarchical materials
  • biomimetics
  • dry adhesion
  • gecko
  • two-photon lithography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Tricinci, O., Eason, E. V., Filippeschi, C., Mondini, A., Mazzolai, B., Pugno, N. M., ... Mattoli, V. (2018). Approximating gecko setae via direct laser lithography. Smart Materials and Structures, 27(7), [075009]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-665X/aa9e5f

Approximating gecko setae via direct laser lithography. / Tricinci, Omar; Eason, Eric V.; Filippeschi, Carlo; Mondini, Alessio; Mazzolai, Barbara; Pugno, Nicola M.; Cutkosky, Mark R.; Greco, Francesco; Mattoli, Virgilio.

In: Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 27, No. 7, 075009, 29.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Tricinci, O, Eason, EV, Filippeschi, C, Mondini, A, Mazzolai, B, Pugno, NM, Cutkosky, MR, Greco, F & Mattoli, V 2018, 'Approximating gecko setae via direct laser lithography' Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 27, no. 7, 075009. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-665X/aa9e5f
Tricinci O, Eason EV, Filippeschi C, Mondini A, Mazzolai B, Pugno NM et al. Approximating gecko setae via direct laser lithography. Smart Materials and Structures. 2018 May 29;27(7). 075009. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-665X/aa9e5f
Tricinci, Omar ; Eason, Eric V. ; Filippeschi, Carlo ; Mondini, Alessio ; Mazzolai, Barbara ; Pugno, Nicola M. ; Cutkosky, Mark R. ; Greco, Francesco ; Mattoli, Virgilio. / Approximating gecko setae via direct laser lithography. In: Smart Materials and Structures. 2018 ; Vol. 27, No. 7.
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