Applicability of PEEK and its composites in total ankle replacement devices and wear rate predictions

Daniel Kerschhofer, Dinesh Gundapaneni, Christof Sommitsch, Tarun Goswami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

PEEK and carbon fiber reinforced PEEK (CFR-PEEK) materials have emerged as leading highperformance
materials for replacing metal components in orthopedic devices. In this study these
materials were critically evaluated as main load bearing components in total ankle replacement (TAR)
devices. Wear characterization was determined by conducting finite element analysis on second
generation Wright State University (WSU) TAR devices. Maximum von Mises stress value of
25.06 MPa was obtained for the optimized model with CFR-PEEK/UHMWPEas tibial/talar and
bearing components, which is comparable with stress value of 26.85 MPa obtained for Ti-6Al-4V/
UHMWPEmaterial model. A similar trend was observed for contact stress values as well, where an
average contact stress value of 6.61 MPa was obtained for CFR-PEEK/UHMWPEmodel which
corresponds to a wear rate of 0.03 (mm3 yr−1). Based on the obtained stress and wear results, and in
the absence of PEEK debris causing osteolysis data, CFR-PEEK was recommended as a potential
alternative to Titanium alloy in TAR devices. Further wear simulator testing is necessary to accurately
determine the wear behavior of TAR models.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberdoi: 10.1088/2057-1976/2/6/065012
JournalBiomedial Physics & Engineering Express
VolumeBiomed. Phys. Eng. Express 2(2016)065012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2016

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Ankle Replacement Arthroplasty
Equipment and Supplies
Finite Element Analysis
Osteolysis
Weight-Bearing
Titanium
Orthopedics
polyetheretherketone
Metals
carbon fiber

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science
  • Human- & Biotechnology

Cite this

Kerschhofer, D., Gundapaneni, D., Sommitsch, C., & Goswami, T. (2016). Applicability of PEEK and its composites in total ankle replacement devices and wear rate predictions. Biomedial Physics & Engineering Express, Biomed. Phys. Eng. Express 2(2016)065012, [doi: 10.1088/2057-1976/2/6/065012]. https://doi.org/doi: 10.1088/2057-1976/2/6/065012

Applicability of PEEK and its composites in total ankle replacement devices and wear rate predictions. / Kerschhofer, Daniel; Gundapaneni, Dinesh; Sommitsch, Christof; Goswami, Tarun.

In: Biomedial Physics & Engineering Express, Vol. Biomed. Phys. Eng. Express 2(2016)065012, doi: 10.1088/2057-1976/2/6/065012, 07.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Kerschhofer, D, Gundapaneni, D, Sommitsch, C & Goswami, T 2016, 'Applicability of PEEK and its composites in total ankle replacement devices and wear rate predictions' Biomedial Physics & Engineering Express, vol. Biomed. Phys. Eng. Express 2(2016)065012, doi: 10.1088/2057-1976/2/6/065012. https://doi.org/doi: 10.1088/2057-1976/2/6/065012
Kerschhofer, Daniel ; Gundapaneni, Dinesh ; Sommitsch, Christof ; Goswami, Tarun. / Applicability of PEEK and its composites in total ankle replacement devices and wear rate predictions. In: Biomedial Physics & Engineering Express. 2016 ; Vol. Biomed. Phys. Eng. Express 2(2016)065012.
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abstract = "PEEK and carbon fiber reinforced PEEK (CFR-PEEK) materials have emerged as leading highperformancematerials for replacing metal components in orthopedic devices. In this study thesematerials were critically evaluated as main load bearing components in total ankle replacement (TAR)devices. Wear characterization was determined by conducting finite element analysis on secondgeneration Wright State University (WSU) TAR devices. Maximum von Mises stress value of25.06 MPa was obtained for the optimized model with CFR-PEEK/UHMWPEas tibial/talar andbearing components, which is comparable with stress value of 26.85 MPa obtained for Ti-6Al-4V/UHMWPEmaterial model. A similar trend was observed for contact stress values as well, where anaverage contact stress value of 6.61 MPa was obtained for CFR-PEEK/UHMWPEmodel whichcorresponds to a wear rate of 0.03 (mm3 yr−1). Based on the obtained stress and wear results, and inthe absence of PEEK debris causing osteolysis data, CFR-PEEK was recommended as a potentialalternative to Titanium alloy in TAR devices. Further wear simulator testing is necessary to accuratelydetermine the wear behavior of TAR models.",
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