Angular segregation of fibres in pipe flow: floc formation and utilization for length-based fibre separation

Jakob D. Redlinger-Pohn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cellulose fibres are prone to flocculate and form aggregates that are deformable by the hydrodynamic stress. In this work I document for coiled pipe flow, known to have secondary motion in the pipe cross-sectional plane, an accumulation of fibre flocs and fibre aggregates at the outer bend. That is the segregation into a section in the pipe cross-section and hence presents a case of angular segregation. The segregation was studied for non-coherent crowded fibre flocs. For that, segregation benefited from fibre concentration and suffered from increased hydrodynamic stress expressed by increasing Reynolds number. Based on the observed segregation of fibres a flow splitter was designed that separated the flow at 1/3 of the tube diameter measured from the inner bend. The outer bend suspension length-weighted fibre length was found to increase. For the best case in this work, the difference between outer and inner bend relative to the feed fibre length was 22%. As for radial and axial segregation, which are known, also angular segregation is fibre-length sensitive. As such it can be exploited for length fractionation of networking and aggregating elongated particles, for example fibres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7431-7446
Number of pages16
JournalCellulose
Volume27
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Coiled flow
  • Fibre segregation
  • Flocculation
  • Fractionation
  • Length-based fibre separation
  • Size separation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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