Advanced CFD Analysis of an Air-cooled PEM Fuel Cell Stack Predicting the Loss of Performance with Time

Clemens Fink, Larisa Karpenko-Jereb, Sean Ashton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The PEM fuel cell simulation package developed by AVL List
GmbH is coupled with a semi-empirical degradation model
describing the dependency of material parameters on operating
conditions. The CFD model calculates the 3D distributions
of electronic/ionic potentials, velocity, pressure, phase
volume fractions, gas species mass fractions, and temperature
in all solids and fluids of PEM fuel cell stacks, as well as
water concentration and hydraulic pressure in the membrane.
The degradation model modifies membrane and catalyst
layer parameters according to local operating conditions
and given operating time during the simulation run-time.
Calculated distributions of current density and temperature
are compared to experimental data of an air-cooled PEM fuel
cell stack obtained with segmented measurement plates. For
the validation of the degradation model, calculated current
density decay vs. operating time are compared to throughlife
polarization measurements. The good agreement
between measurement and simulation demonstrates the ability
of the model to predict the complex physical phenomena
taking place in PEM fuel cells with high accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490–503
Number of pages14
JournalFuel Cells
Volume16
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Computational fluid dynamics
Air
Degradation
Membranes
Current density
Hydraulics
Fluids
Gases

Keywords

  • Air Cooling, CFD Simulation, Degradation Model, Electrochemistry, Fuel Cells, Heat Transfer

Cite this

Advanced CFD Analysis of an Air-cooled PEM Fuel Cell Stack Predicting the Loss of Performance with Time. / Fink, Clemens; Karpenko-Jereb, Larisa; Ashton, Sean.

In: Fuel Cells, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2016, p. 490–503.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Fink, C, Karpenko-Jereb, L & Ashton, S 2016, 'Advanced CFD Analysis of an Air-cooled PEM Fuel Cell Stack Predicting the Loss of Performance with Time' Fuel Cells, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 490–503.
Fink, Clemens ; Karpenko-Jereb, Larisa ; Ashton, Sean. / Advanced CFD Analysis of an Air-cooled PEM Fuel Cell Stack Predicting the Loss of Performance with Time. In: Fuel Cells. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 490–503.
@article{141a9f16bf65487ead2fbe100050414c,
title = "Advanced CFD Analysis of an Air-cooled PEM Fuel Cell Stack Predicting the Loss of Performance with Time",
abstract = "The PEM fuel cell simulation package developed by AVL ListGmbH is coupled with a semi-empirical degradation modeldescribing the dependency of material parameters on operatingconditions. The CFD model calculates the 3D distributionsof electronic/ionic potentials, velocity, pressure, phasevolume fractions, gas species mass fractions, and temperaturein all solids and fluids of PEM fuel cell stacks, as well aswater concentration and hydraulic pressure in the membrane.The degradation model modifies membrane and catalystlayer parameters according to local operating conditionsand given operating time during the simulation run-time.Calculated distributions of current density and temperatureare compared to experimental data of an air-cooled PEM fuelcell stack obtained with segmented measurement plates. Forthe validation of the degradation model, calculated currentdensity decay vs. operating time are compared to throughlifepolarization measurements. The good agreementbetween measurement and simulation demonstrates the abilityof the model to predict the complex physical phenomenataking place in PEM fuel cells with high accuracy.",
keywords = "Air Cooling, CFD Simulation, Degradation Model, Electrochemistry, Fuel Cells, Heat Transfer",
author = "Clemens Fink and Larisa Karpenko-Jereb and Sean Ashton",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "490–503",
journal = "Fuel Cells",
issn = "1615-6846",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Advanced CFD Analysis of an Air-cooled PEM Fuel Cell Stack Predicting the Loss of Performance with Time

AU - Fink, Clemens

AU - Karpenko-Jereb, Larisa

AU - Ashton, Sean

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The PEM fuel cell simulation package developed by AVL ListGmbH is coupled with a semi-empirical degradation modeldescribing the dependency of material parameters on operatingconditions. The CFD model calculates the 3D distributionsof electronic/ionic potentials, velocity, pressure, phasevolume fractions, gas species mass fractions, and temperaturein all solids and fluids of PEM fuel cell stacks, as well aswater concentration and hydraulic pressure in the membrane.The degradation model modifies membrane and catalystlayer parameters according to local operating conditionsand given operating time during the simulation run-time.Calculated distributions of current density and temperatureare compared to experimental data of an air-cooled PEM fuelcell stack obtained with segmented measurement plates. Forthe validation of the degradation model, calculated currentdensity decay vs. operating time are compared to throughlifepolarization measurements. The good agreementbetween measurement and simulation demonstrates the abilityof the model to predict the complex physical phenomenataking place in PEM fuel cells with high accuracy.

AB - The PEM fuel cell simulation package developed by AVL ListGmbH is coupled with a semi-empirical degradation modeldescribing the dependency of material parameters on operatingconditions. The CFD model calculates the 3D distributionsof electronic/ionic potentials, velocity, pressure, phasevolume fractions, gas species mass fractions, and temperaturein all solids and fluids of PEM fuel cell stacks, as well aswater concentration and hydraulic pressure in the membrane.The degradation model modifies membrane and catalystlayer parameters according to local operating conditionsand given operating time during the simulation run-time.Calculated distributions of current density and temperatureare compared to experimental data of an air-cooled PEM fuelcell stack obtained with segmented measurement plates. Forthe validation of the degradation model, calculated currentdensity decay vs. operating time are compared to throughlifepolarization measurements. The good agreementbetween measurement and simulation demonstrates the abilityof the model to predict the complex physical phenomenataking place in PEM fuel cells with high accuracy.

KW - Air Cooling, CFD Simulation, Degradation Model, Electrochemistry, Fuel Cells, Heat Transfer

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 490

EP - 503

JO - Fuel Cells

JF - Fuel Cells

SN - 1615-6846

IS - 4

ER -