Adsorption of surfactants on polymer surfaces investigated with a novel zeta-potential measurement system

Martin Reischl, Karin Stana Kleinschek, Volker Ribitsch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The determination of electrokinetic properties such as the zeta-potential of polymer samples with classical methods is laborious and time-consuming. For this reasons, a reliable, fast, and easy to use measurement system based on streaming potential measurement was developed. In this novel measurement system, streaming potential is created by an oscillating flow of a small amount of electrolyte solution through the sample media. In addition, this setup allows direct titration and therefore time-resolved monitoring of changes in zeta-potential in a seconds time-scale. With this instrument, the concentration- as well as the time-dependent adsorption behaviour of various non-ionic, anionic and cationic surfactants on a novel, regenerated cellulosic polymer was investigated. This new cellulose-based, fibrous textile polymer is permanently cationised, not only at the surface but throughout the whole fibre. The results show that even very low concentrations of surfactant, due to its charge and chemical composition, highly influence the surface charge of the polymer in a large range. Furthermore, the results for this new textile material are compared with other textile fibres, e. g. wool.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFast Software Encryption - 14th International Workshop, FSE 2007, Revised Selected Papers
Pages1374-1378
Number of pages5
EditionPART 2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Materials Symposium and 12th Portuguese Materials Society Meeting 2005 - Aveiro, Portugal
Duration: 20 Mar 200523 Mar 2005

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
NumberPART 2
Volume514-516
ISSN (Print)0255-5476

Conference

Conference3rd International Materials Symposium and 12th Portuguese Materials Society Meeting 2005
CountryPortugal
CityAveiro
Period20/03/0523/03/05

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Keywords

  • Cellulosic fibre
  • Polymer surface
  • Surfactant adsorption
  • Zeta potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Reischl, M., Stana Kleinschek, K., & Ribitsch, V. (2006). Adsorption of surfactants on polymer surfaces investigated with a novel zeta-potential measurement system. In Fast Software Encryption - 14th International Workshop, FSE 2007, Revised Selected Papers (PART 2 ed., pp. 1374-1378). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 514-516, No. PART 2).