A Survey of Collaborative UAV–WSN Systems for Efficient Monitoring

Dan Popescu, Florin Stoican, Grigore Stamatescu, Oana Chenaru, Loretta Ichim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Integrated systems based on wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with electric propulsion are emerging as state-of-the-art solutions for large scale monitoring. Main advances stemming both from complex system architectures as well as powerful embedded computing and communication platforms, advanced sensing and networking protocols have been leveraged to prove the viability of this concept. The design of suitable algorithms for data processing, communication and control across previously disparate domains has thus currently become an intensive area of interdisciplinary research. The paper was focused on the collaborative aspects of UAV–WSN systems and the reference papers were analyzed from this point of view, on each functional module. The paper offers a timely review of recent advances in this area of critical interest with focus on a comparative perspective across multiple recent theoretical and applied contributions. A systematic approach is carried out in order to structure a unitary from conceptual design towards key implementation aspects. Focus areas are identified and discussed such as distributed data processing algorithms, hierarchical multi-protocol networking aspects and high level WSN–constrained UAV-control. Application references are highlighted in various domains such as environmental, agriculture, emergency situations and homeland security. Finally, a research agenda is outlined to advance the field towards tangible economic and social impact.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4690
Number of pages40
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume19
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2019

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Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)
pilotless aircraft
Network protocols
Electric propulsion
National security
Monitoring
Communication
Conceptual design
Social Change
Agriculture
communication
economic impact
Research
electric propulsion
Large scale systems
Wireless sensor networks
Emergencies
agriculture
emergencies
Economics

Cite this

Popescu, D., Stoican, F., Stamatescu, G., Chenaru, O., & Ichim, L. (2019). A Survey of Collaborative UAV–WSN Systems for Efficient Monitoring. Sensors (Switzerland), 19(21), [4690]. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19214690

A Survey of Collaborative UAV–WSN Systems for Efficient Monitoring. / Popescu, Dan; Stoican, Florin; Stamatescu, Grigore; Chenaru, Oana; Ichim, Loretta.

In: Sensors (Switzerland), Vol. 19, No. 21, 4690, 28.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Popescu, D, Stoican, F, Stamatescu, G, Chenaru, O & Ichim, L 2019, 'A Survey of Collaborative UAV–WSN Systems for Efficient Monitoring' Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 19, no. 21, 4690. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19214690
Popescu D, Stoican F, Stamatescu G, Chenaru O, Ichim L. A Survey of Collaborative UAV–WSN Systems for Efficient Monitoring. Sensors (Switzerland). 2019 Oct 28;19(21). 4690. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19214690
Popescu, Dan ; Stoican, Florin ; Stamatescu, Grigore ; Chenaru, Oana ; Ichim, Loretta. / A Survey of Collaborative UAV–WSN Systems for Efficient Monitoring. In: Sensors (Switzerland). 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 21.
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