A Priori Assessment of Subgrid‑Scale Models and Numerical Error in Forced Convective Flow at High Prandtl Numbers

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Abstract

An extensive a priori analysis has been carried out on data from Direct numerical simulation of fully developed heated turbulent pipe flow at high molecular Prandtl numbers Pr=10/20, testing three popular modelling candidates for subgrid-scale closure in Large-Eddy simulation (LES). Aside from assessing the models’ capabilities to describe quantitatively the unresolved turbulent fluxes, a special focus is also put on the role of the numerical error, which arises from the discretization of the filtered advective fluxes on a coarse LES grid. The present analysis extends here previous studies on subgrid-scale momentum transport in a isothermal mixing layer and channel flow carried out by Brandt (J Numer Methods Fluids 51: 635–657, 2006) and Vreman et al. (J Eng Math 29: 299–327, 1995), respectively, to the subgrid-scale transport of heat at high Prandtl numbers. The statistical dependence between the individual contributions (resolved, subgrid-scale, numerical discretization error) constituting the filtered advective flux divergence in the LES formulation is investigated as well, in terms of corresponding cross-correlations. The sensitivity of the tested sgs-models to a grid refinement is further examined performing also a posteriori LES, where the basically more sophisticated candidates turn out to be more demanding in terms of required grid resolution.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFlow, turbulence and combustion
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 2020

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convective flow
Prandtl number
Large eddy simulation
large eddy simulation
Fluxes
grids
pipe flow
Direct numerical simulation
Pipe flow
channel flow
Channel flow
direct numerical simulation
cross correlation
closures
Momentum
divergence
momentum
formulations
heat
Fluids

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Cite this

@article{c0347505863b4f87aad01704d1227868,
title = "A Priori Assessment of Subgrid‑Scale Models and Numerical Error in Forced Convective Flow at High Prandtl Numbers",
abstract = "An extensive a priori analysis has been carried out on data from Direct numerical simulation of fully developed heated turbulent pipe flow at high molecular Prandtl numbers Pr=10/20, testing three popular modelling candidates for subgrid-scale closure in Large-Eddy simulation (LES). Aside from assessing the models’ capabilities to describe quantitatively the unresolved turbulent fluxes, a special focus is also put on the role of the numerical error, which arises from the discretization of the filtered advective fluxes on a coarse LES grid. The present analysis extends here previous studies on subgrid-scale momentum transport in a isothermal mixing layer and channel flow carried out by Brandt (J Numer Methods Fluids 51: 635–657, 2006) and Vreman et al. (J Eng Math 29: 299–327, 1995), respectively, to the subgrid-scale transport of heat at high Prandtl numbers. The statistical dependence between the individual contributions (resolved, subgrid-scale, numerical discretization error) constituting the filtered advective flux divergence in the LES formulation is investigated as well, in terms of corresponding cross-correlations. The sensitivity of the tested sgs-models to a grid refinement is further examined performing also a posteriori LES, where the basically more sophisticated candidates turn out to be more demanding in terms of required grid resolution.",
author = "Lorenzo Sufra and Helfried Steiner",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10494-019-00107-y",
language = "English",
journal = "Flow, turbulence and combustion",
issn = "1386-6184",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

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T1 - A Priori Assessment of Subgrid‑Scale Models and Numerical Error in Forced Convective Flow at High Prandtl Numbers

AU - Sufra, Lorenzo

AU - Steiner, Helfried

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N2 - An extensive a priori analysis has been carried out on data from Direct numerical simulation of fully developed heated turbulent pipe flow at high molecular Prandtl numbers Pr=10/20, testing three popular modelling candidates for subgrid-scale closure in Large-Eddy simulation (LES). Aside from assessing the models’ capabilities to describe quantitatively the unresolved turbulent fluxes, a special focus is also put on the role of the numerical error, which arises from the discretization of the filtered advective fluxes on a coarse LES grid. The present analysis extends here previous studies on subgrid-scale momentum transport in a isothermal mixing layer and channel flow carried out by Brandt (J Numer Methods Fluids 51: 635–657, 2006) and Vreman et al. (J Eng Math 29: 299–327, 1995), respectively, to the subgrid-scale transport of heat at high Prandtl numbers. The statistical dependence between the individual contributions (resolved, subgrid-scale, numerical discretization error) constituting the filtered advective flux divergence in the LES formulation is investigated as well, in terms of corresponding cross-correlations. The sensitivity of the tested sgs-models to a grid refinement is further examined performing also a posteriori LES, where the basically more sophisticated candidates turn out to be more demanding in terms of required grid resolution.

AB - An extensive a priori analysis has been carried out on data from Direct numerical simulation of fully developed heated turbulent pipe flow at high molecular Prandtl numbers Pr=10/20, testing three popular modelling candidates for subgrid-scale closure in Large-Eddy simulation (LES). Aside from assessing the models’ capabilities to describe quantitatively the unresolved turbulent fluxes, a special focus is also put on the role of the numerical error, which arises from the discretization of the filtered advective fluxes on a coarse LES grid. The present analysis extends here previous studies on subgrid-scale momentum transport in a isothermal mixing layer and channel flow carried out by Brandt (J Numer Methods Fluids 51: 635–657, 2006) and Vreman et al. (J Eng Math 29: 299–327, 1995), respectively, to the subgrid-scale transport of heat at high Prandtl numbers. The statistical dependence between the individual contributions (resolved, subgrid-scale, numerical discretization error) constituting the filtered advective flux divergence in the LES formulation is investigated as well, in terms of corresponding cross-correlations. The sensitivity of the tested sgs-models to a grid refinement is further examined performing also a posteriori LES, where the basically more sophisticated candidates turn out to be more demanding in terms of required grid resolution.

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