A new structural-differential property of 5-round AES

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Abstract

AES is probably the most widely studied and used block cipher. Also versions with a reduced number of rounds are used as a building block in many cryptographic schemes, e.g. several candidates of the SHA-3 and CAESAR competition are based on it. So far, non-random properties which are independent of the secret key are known for up to 4 rounds of AES. These include differential, impossible differential, and integral properties. In this paper we describe a new structural property for up to 5 rounds of AES, differential in nature and which is independent of the secret key, of the details of the MixColumns matrix (with the exception that the branch number must be maximal) and of the SubBytes operation. It is very simple: By appropriate choices of difference for a number of input pairs it is possible to make sure that the number of times that the difference of the resulting output pairs lie in a particular subspace is always a multiple of 8. We not only observe this property experimentally (using a small-scale version of AES), we also give a detailed proof as to why it has to exist. As a first application of this property, we describe a way to distinguish the 5-round AES permutation (or its inverse) from a random permutation with only 232 chosen texts that has a computational cost of 235.6 lookups into memory of size 236 bytes which has a success probability greater than 99%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2017 - 36th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag Wien
Pages289-317
Number of pages29
Volume10211 LNCS
ISBN (Print)9783319566139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10211 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Keywords

  • AES
  • Block cipher
  • Permutation
  • Secret-key distinguisher

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Grassi, L., Rechberger, C., & Rønjom, S. (2017). A new structural-differential property of 5-round AES. In Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2017 - 36th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Proceedings (Vol. 10211 LNCS, pp. 289-317). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10211 LNCS). Springer Verlag Wien. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56614-6_10