A new approach to model load levels in electric power systems with high renewable penetration

Sonja Wogrin, Pablo Duenas, Andres Delgadillo, Javier Reneses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In medium-and long-term power system models, it is a common approach to approximate the demand curve by load levels in order to make the models computationally tractable. However, in such an approach, the chronological information between individual hours is lost. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to power system models which constitutes an alternative to the traditional load levels. In particular, we introduce the concept of system states as opposed to load levels, which allows us to better incorporate chronological information in power system models, thereby resulting in a more accurate representation of system outcomes such as electricity prices and total cost. Moreover, the system states can be defined taking into account various important system features at once, as opposed to load levels which are defined using just one specific feature, i.e., demand or net demand. Therefore the system states approach better captures other results such as reserve prices, which are not driven by the usual feature used to define load levels. In a case study, we compare the newly proposed methodology to a standard load level approach, which validates that the system states approach better captures power system outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6727472
Pages (from-to)2210-2218
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Demand blocks
  • power system models
  • renewable integration
  • system states

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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