A General Explanation, Application Scenarios and some possible extensions of NID

Research output: Non-print formWebsite / Web publication


In libraries (be it in small libraries for some organizational unit or large universal libraries), many documents are now available in digital form, mostly as PDF files, as Word files or as a sequence of images, like those created when scanning a book. If such a collection is offered via a server, one should have the option to allow to print the document or not, or to offer it in another form (as an e-book or for Kindle) with or without payment. The usability of such digital libraries on an Internet server (NID originally stands for Networked Interactive Digital Information) is usually limited to finding a document/book about titles or metadata and then searching in the book, with full text if one is lucky.

NID goes a lot further and is an international novelty. Many scanned documents can be converted into a searchable PDF version with OCR, and this into attractive, flip-through digital books (which can range from 5 to 10,000 pages in length and which we all want to call "books" for the sake of simplicity). Every book page can be linked to every document page and can be expanded with other links, texts or multimedia data or discussion forums, etc without changing the basic substance.

But a sophisticated rights system is particularly important: You can add private additions anywhere that you only see yourself; or any group can be defined, the members of which only see certain books and only all material in addition to the basic substance that was added by a member of the group. This means that many people who work on the topic can select those books that are useful and add any page to such a book as desired, thus helping cooperation partners significantly.

NID offers a lot more options, which makes it an excellent software for small and large libraries, and which is also compatible with the international IIIF standard, a standard used by most large libraries like in the USA (Stanford, Harvard, ...) or the Bavarian State Library, but NID is also good for small cooperation projects, for example between humanities scholars who e.g. focus on certain historic periods or regions of the world, or for editorial departments of magazines to easily find suitable materials and benefit from the comments of colleagues.
Translated title of the contributionAllgemeine Erklärungen, Anwendungsbeispiele und zukünftige Entwicklungen von NID
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationGraz
Media of outputOnline
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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