6TiSCH++ with Bluetooth 5 and Concurrent Transmissions

Michael Baddeley, Adnan Aijaz, Usman Raza, Aleksandar Stanoev, Yichao Jin, Markus Schuß, Carlo Alberto Boano, George Oikonomou

Research output: Book/ReportOther report

Abstract

Targeting dependable communications for industrial Internet of Things applications, IETF 6TiSCH provides mechanisms for efficient scheduling, routing, and forwarding of IPv6 traffic across low-power mesh networks. Yet, despite an overwhelming body of literature covering both centralized and distributed scheduling schemes for 6TiSCH, an effective control solution for large-scale multi-hop mesh networks remains an open challenge. This paper addresses this with a novel approach that eliminates much of the routing and link-layer overhead incurred by centralized schedulers, and provides a robust mechanism for data dissemination synchronization within 6TiSCH. Specifically, we leverage the physical layer (PHY) switching capabilities of modern low-power wireless platforms to build on recent work demonstrating the viability of Concurrent Transmission (CT)-based flooding protocols across the Bluetooth 5 (BT 5) PHYs. By switching the PHY and MAC layer at runtime, we inject a BT 5-based CT flood within a standard IEEE 802.15.4 TSCH slotframe, thereby providing a reliable, low-latency scheme for 6TiSCH control messaging. We present an analytical model and experimental evaluation showing how our solution not only exploits the BT 5 high data-rate PHY layers for rapid data dissemination, but can also provide reliable 6TiSCH association and synchronization even under external radio interference. We further discuss how the proposed technique can be used to address other open challenges within the standard.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Information, Communication & Computing

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