This project focuses on the design, implementation and evaluatation an embedded smart camera targeted for various surveillance applications such as traffic control. A smart camera combines video sensing, video processing and communication within a single device. Thus, smart cameras not only capture images or video sequences, they further perform high-level video processing and compression on-board and transmit the (compressed) video data as well as the extracted video information via a network. The targeted traffic surveillance applications require high-quality images as sensor input and extraordinary on-board computing performance. The system architecture of the embedded smart camera is shown in the figure below. It is realized using a CMOS image sensor, high-performance digital signal processors (DSP) and dedicated hardware subject to several constraints such as low-power consumption, real-time operation and fault tolerance.