IEA HPT Annex 51: Acoustic Signature of Heat Pumps

Project: Research project

Description

Initial situation, Challenge, Motivation: Heat pumps are a versatile energy efficiency and renewable energy technology with vast potential in contributing substantially to the required
changes in the energy system. Especially air-based heat pump systems can play an important role in densely populated, urban areas due to their multiple advantages such as low space requirement or simple installation. The compressor and fans of air-sourced heat pumps often emit acoustic emissions which are reinforced in the transition period as a result of the icing of the compressor. The operating noise of heat pumps can cause conflicts in neighborhoods leading to health, psychological and financial problems. This may become a serious disadvantage for the heat pump technology and may hamper its broad market
penetration.
Aim: This project primarily aims at improving the acceptance of heat pumps and removing market barriers by reducing acoustic noise emissions and vibrations.
Innovative content, results and findings: For that purpose, preliminary work for elaborating uniform legal and normative boundary conditions is carried out. The development of acoustic emissions in the operation of heat pumps will be analyzed in detail on component and unit level by means of innovative methods and test infrastructure. Novel approaches in
reducing acoustic emissions of heat pumps such as noise suppression, various installation options, sound and vibration absorption measures are pursued and assessed regarding their
impact. In addition, realistic noise propagation simulations are carried out to identify optimal installation scenarios and orientations especially in smaller settlement areas. Furthermore, innovative concepts for an optimum mounting and insulation sheathing are developed.
Perceptual tests are used to elaborate the impact of various operative and acoustic noise absorbing measures on the annoyance. The assessment of the annoyance will be related to
acoustic and psychoacoustic parameters to develop an assessment scheme.
The know how gained within this project, and the results and findings from former research projects, will be disseminated in both, the framework of international expert meetings and on
national level to various target groups comprising especially manufacturers of heat pumps and their components, acoustic consultants, installers and planers of heat pumps, and
national decision makers. National research activities and international transfer of know-how and findings relating to the reduction of acoustic noise emissions of heat pumps as
envisaged in this project, is of vital importance for strengthening the competitiveness of the national heat pump sector. Possibly arising problems of acceptance due to acoustic noise
emissions are seen as one of the greatest challenge in developing the heat pump market to a mass market.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/11/1730/10/20