It is estimated that 90 million people around the world currently suffer from some form of spinal cord injury. In two thirds of cases, road accidents are the cause of injury, with sporting accidents making up another 10% of the total. The cervical spine is a complex anatomical region. Its primary function is to provide head support and mobility as well as protection of the spinal cord. In order to understand the mechanism of injury and injury quantification, the human neck model must provide a reliable simulation of the head movement in relation to the chest as well as simulation of loads and stresses in cervical spine structures.
For a reliable determination of the injury occurrence, it is important that the description of the nonlinear material behaviour be as realistic as possible, particularly in case of the tissues subject to impact conditions. The project focuses on the modelling of anatomical structures of the cervical spine in Finite Element.