FWF - kont. Antennenabstimmung - Component for a continuous antenna tuning unit

    Project: Research project

    Project Details

    Description

    The presented project proposal deals with the analysis and development of a novel component for continuous
    antenna tuning circuits. The "CD-Laboratory for Automotive Measurement Research" located at the EMT TU-Graz
    has been concerned with the analysis and design of single antenna RFID systems in the 13.56 MHz range. These
    systems work based on inductive (magnetic) coupling between reader (antenna) and transponder (tag), i.e. in the
    near-field of the antenna. They basically represent a weakly coupled air-transformer. Passive tags draw their
    operating power from the RF-magnetic field of the antenna. The read/write range, the r/w volume, of a single
    antenna is limited by several factors, e.g. power transmission efficiency and EMC regulations, modulation and
    noise, detuning of the resonant antenna by environmental conditions and even the RFID-tag itself(!), etc. To
    reliably operate RFID systems with maximised r/w-range under varying environmental conditions, exact tuning and
    impedance matching of the antenna is required. Antenna array systems can help to extend the limited r/w-range
    and even allow to localise different RFID tags in the field space. The r/w range/volume could be multiplied by the
    used number of antennas.
    To reliably operate RFID systems with multiple antennas, however, advanced control strategies to quickly
    synchronise the single antennas, which are mutually influencing eachother are required.
    The key component for these antenna circuits is an automatically and continuously operating antenna tuning unit
    (ATU) for a resonant antenna transformer. A simple prototype for a novel magnetic component of the ATU has
    been used for first experiments, and has shown the principle functionality. A thorough theoretical and experimental
    investigation of possible designs, the choice of materials to optimise this component is the goal of this proposal.
    Besides the skills and experience of EMT in measurement technology and RFID-system design, the expertise for
    modelling and simulation of ferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic materials and devices has been found at the AEMgroup
    of the "Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems" at the TU-Vienna.
    The novel tuning transformer for resonant loop antennas utilises a modified transductor setup. The behaviour and
    performance of this component will be studied by modelling the materials properties of the involved ferromagnetic
    and ferrimagnetic materials, by integration into Finite Element Models, and last but not least, by careful
    experimental investigation.
    StatusFinished
    Effective start/end date16/05/0731/05/09