EU - NICE - New Integrated Combustion System for future Passenger Car Engines

Project: Research project

Description

The main objective of NICE is to develop a new integrated combustion system that, independent of the type of fuel (i.e. neutral fuel), is able to achieve todays highest fuel conversion efficiency of the DI diesel engine (43%), while complying with a zero-impact emission level. As a result of the gained knowledge and realised technologies of such an integrated combustion system, innovative diesel- and Otto-cycle engines, to be considered as by-products of the NICE research, will be developed. These by-products will allow Europe to maintain the leadership in the production of internal combustion engines in the years 2010-2015, while allowing the completion of the integrated combustion system in an innovative powertrain, which will take us to 2020. The fully flexible powertrain will be characterised by very high fuel conversion efficiency, mainly using newly designed bio and/or alternative fuels and gas, in the given emission constraints.
Description of work



The NICE IP is divided into four sub-projects:

1. enlarged HCCI-diesel/CAI-Otto combustion process under transient operation

2. compressed/spark ignited variable engine: based on gasoline or diesel engines combining the advantages into a new combustion system, with high EGR, supercharged and adapted to bio-fuels

3. future gas internal combustion engines with diesel equivalent fuel consumption

4. improved CFD tools and modelling: the main R&D objectives are:


* sensible increase of HCCI/CAI region in the engine map

* bio-fuel specifications addressed to the new combustion system

* the combination of different electronic control units (ECU) to define new advanced systems including ECU-algorithms, real-time models and software tools for automatic validation, hardware-in-the-loop tests and calibration

* advanced control systems for mixture preparation and combustion, required to adapt the injection and combustion strategy to the recognised fuel composition

* a predictive, affordable and useful in practice numerical tool describing new low emission highly efficient combustion processes.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/01/0431/12/06