FWF Project P 29355-N35 Automata, Languages and Asymptotic Isoperimetric Functions in Group Theory

Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively

Description

The proposed research consists of three main topics in geometric group theory: asymptotic isoperimetric functions on groups, asymptotic and probabilistic aspects in automaton groups, and formal languages associated with groups. In the spirit of modern research in geometric group theory, one of our purposes is to explore the possible connections between these themes, as such connections have recently led to some very interesting results. In automaton groups we intend to focus our attention on some algebraic properties. In particular, we want to find sufficient conditions under which an automaton group is finitely generated. For this purpose we think that the explicit description of the corresponding virtual endomorphisms can be useful. From a more combinatorial point of view we want to study the geometric (and topological) structure of the corresponding infinite Schreier graphs, extending the results known in the bounded case. These graphs usually reveal a sort of self-similar structure that we intend to exploit in order to study random walks on them. Infinite Schreier graphs are determined by boundary stabilizers. In the case of bireversible (infinite) automaton groups, almost all boundary stabilizers are trivial. We plan to use the dual approach to show in this context the existence of non-trivial boundary stabilizers. In addition, we want to use the correspondence with \Wang tilings" to prove the undecidability of some problems in this setting. The Schreier graphs can also be interpreted in terms of powers of the dual automaton and this allows us to consider the class of languages recognized by them. We propose to give an algebraic characterization of automaton groups in terms of the languages recognized by their Schreier graphs, and also to characterize them in terms of a new class of recognition machines. In the study of isoperimetric functions of Cayley graphs of groups one is interested in the asymptotic behavior of the ratio between the boundaries or diameters of subgraphs and their "volumes". We plan to explore the notion of mean Dehn function through the use of random walks on Cayley graphs; define the notion of Cheeger constant on groups instead of presentations of groups, and compute it on amalgamated products and other types; explore the relations between different isoperimetric and filling functions; compute the generalized isoperimetric profile. We also want to explore what types of languages and automata have "good" algorithmic properties and are suited for extending the class of "graph automatic groups". Such groups are associated with the first topic through the study of the word problem on groups.
OrganisationsFWF - Der Wissenschaftsfonds

Keywords

  • 101001 Algebra
  • 102031 Theoretical computer science