Molecular Dynamics and Cluster Formation in Superfluid Helium Droplets"

Ernst, W. E. (Speaker)

Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talkScience to science

Description

The unique experimental conditions provided by helium nanodroplets (HeN) are not only utilized in a special form of matrix isolation spectroscopy [1] but are also interesting for the study of molecular collisions in a superfluid solvent. Superfluid droplets of 104 to 107 helium atoms (HeN) are doped with foreign atoms or molecules that move freely in or on the droplets and may form complexes in this cold environment.
In this way, alkali and alkaline earth metal atoms that stay at the droplet surface were observed to react and form mixed diatomic molecules that were spectroscopically investigated over the whole visible spectrum [e.g. 2, 3]. Our own quantum chemical calculations supported these studies providing valuable information about this class of molecules that may also be produced from ultracold atoms in traps.

In case of cluster formation inside HeN, it was long believed that all species that are collected inside a droplet, will immediately coagulate and form a stable aggregate in the cold environment. Unfortunately, depending on the dopant-helium interaction, a helium barrier may keep the atoms or molecules separated [e.g. 4]. In a first attempt to model aggregation, we recently derived collision times for the coinage metal atoms Cu, Ag and Au in He-droplets [5] by applying helium density functional theory and molecular dynamics simulations.

Larger Cu, Ag, Au, and Ni aggregates of different morphology are generated in helium droplets [e.g. 6] and their landing on a solid substrate was modelled in a molecular dynamics simulation [7]. Nanowires and core-shell clusters with one metal surrounding a core of different kind were observed, deposited on solid substrates [8, 9], and analyzed by high resolution electron microscopy and tomography [10]. As it turns out, the temperature of the substrate [9] and the doping rate [11] have an important influence on the final cluster or wire structure. Our systematic studies will help to provide recipes for the creation of tailored nanoparticles.

A brief survey will be given on other projects in my group addressing electron-nuclear coupling phenomena in molecules and semimetals.
Period29 Jun 2017
Held atPeter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Russian Federation
Degree of RecognitionInternational

Keywords

  • Advanced Materials Science