Throwing Boomerangs into Feistel Structures: Application to CLEFIA, WARP, LBlock, LBlock-s and TWINE

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftKonferenzartikelBegutachtung

Abstract

Automatic tools to search for boomerang distinguishers have seen significant advances over the past few years. However, most previous work has focused on ciphers based on a Substitution Permutation Network (SPN), while analyzing the Feistel structure is of great significance. Boukerrou et al. recently provided a theoretical framework to formulate the boomerang switch over multiple Feistel rounds, but they did not provide an automatic tool to find distinguishers. In this paper, by enhancing the recently proposed method by Hadipour et al., we provide an automatic tool to search for boomerang distinguishers and apply it to block ciphers following the Generalized Feistel Structure (GFS). Applying our tool to a wide range of GFS ciphers, we show that it significantly improves the best previous results on boomerang analysis. In particular, we improve the best previous boomerang distinguishers for 20 and 21 rounds of WARP by a factor of 2 38.28 and 2 36.56, respectively. Thanks to the effectiveness of our method, we can extend the boomerang distinguishers of WARP by two rounds and distinguish 23 rounds of this cipher from a random permutation. Applying our method to the internationally-standardized cipher CLEFIA, we achieve a 9-round boomerang distinguisher which improves the best previous boomerang distinguisher by one round. Based on this distinguisher, we build a key-recovery attack on 11 rounds of CLEFIA, which improves the best previous sandwich attack on this cipher by one round. We also apply our method to LBlock, LBlock-s, and TWINE and improve the best previous boomerang distinguisher of these ciphers.

Originalspracheenglisch
Seiten (von - bis)271-302
Seitenumfang32
FachzeitschriftIACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology
Jahrgang2022
Ausgabenummer3
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 9 Sep. 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Angewandte Mathematik
  • Angewandte Informatik

Fields of Expertise

  • Information, Communication & Computing

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